1 Corporate information
Zee Media Corporation Limited ("ZMCL" or "the Company") is incorporated in the State of Maharashtra, India and is listed on BSE Limited (BSE) and The National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) in India. The registered office of the Company is situated at Continental Building, 135, Dr Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai - 400018, Maharashtra, India. The Company is mainly engaged in the business of broadcasting of satellite television channels i.e. news / current affairs and regional language channels and sale of television programs.
2 Significant accounting policies a Basis of preparation
These financial statements (hereinafter referred to as "standalone financial statements" or "financial statements") have been prepared in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standards (hereinafter referred to as the ''''Ind AS'''') as notified by Ministry of Corporate Affairs pursuant to Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (''''Act'''') read with of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 as amended and other relevant provisions of the Act.
These financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2017 are the first financials with comparatives, prepared under Ind AS. For all previous periods including the year ended 31 March 2016, the Company had prepared its financial statements in accordance with the accounting standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standard) Rule, 2006 (as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Act (hereinafter referred to as ''''Previous GAAP'''') used for its statutory reporting requirement in India.
The accounting policies are applied consistently to all the periods presented in the financial statements, including the preparation of the opening Ind AS Balance Sheet as at 1 April 2015 being the date of transition to Ind AS.
These financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accural basis of accounting except for certain financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair values at the end of each reporting period, as stated in the accounting policies stated out below.
Reconciliations and descriptions of the effect of the transition has been summarized in note 54.
Rounding of amounts
All amounts disclosed in the financial statements and notes have been rounded off to the nearest millions as per the requirement of Schedule III, unless otherwise stated.
Current and non-current classification
All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''''s normal operating cycle (twelve months) and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Act.
b Property, plant and equipment
(i) Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Integrated Receiver Decoders (IRD) boxes are capitalized, when available for deployment.
(ii) Capital work-in-progress comprises cost of property plant and equipment and related expenses that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date.
c Intangible assets
Intangible assets acquired or developed are measured on initial recognition at cost and stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment loss, if any.
Intangible assets - television channels includes expenses incurred on development of new television channels till the time it is ready for commercial launch.
d Depreciation / amortization on property, plant and equipment / intangible assets
Depreciable amount for property, plant and equipment / intangible assets is the cost of an asset, or other amount substituted for cost, less its estimated residual value.
(i) Depreciation on property, plant and equipment is provided on straight-line method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in respect of the following categories of assets, where the life of the assets has been assessed lower than the life prescribed in Schedule II, based on technical advice, taking into account the nature of the asset, the estimated usage of the asset, the operating conditions of the asset, past history of replacement etc.
(ii) Leasehold building and leasehold improvements are amortized over the period of lease.
(iii) Intangible assets are amortized on straight line basis over their respective individual useful lives estimated by the management.
e Impairment of property, plant and equipment / intangible assets
The carrying amounts of the Company''''s property plant and equipment and intangible assets are reviewed at each reporting date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If there are indicators of impairment, an assessment is made to determine whether the asset''''s carrying value exceeds its recoverable amount. Where it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual asset, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs.
An impairment is recognized in statement of profit and loss whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of net selling price, defined as the fair value less costs to sell, and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market rates and risks specific to the asset.
An impairment loss for an individual asset or cash generating unit is reversed if there has been a change in estimates used to determine the recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized and is only reversed to the extent that the asset''''s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation or amortization, if no impairment loss had been recognized. Impairment loss is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.
f Investment property
Investment property is properties (land or a building—or part of a building—or both) held to earn rentals and/or for capital appreciation (including property under construction for such purposes). Investment property is measured initially at cost including purchase price, borrowing costs. Subsequent to initial recognition, investment property is measured at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any.
g Derecognition of property, plant and equipment / intangibles / investment property
The carrying amount of an item of property, plant and equipment / intangibles / investment property is derecognized on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. The gain or loss arising from the derecognition of an item of property, plant and equipment / intangibles / investment property is measured as the difference between the net disposal in proceeds and the carrying amount of the item and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the item is derecognized.
h Leases (i) Finance lease
Leases are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards f of ownership to the lessee. All other leases are classified as operating leases.
(ii) Operating lease
Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified
as operating leases. Operating lease payments / revenue are recognized on straight line basis over the lease period in the statement of profit and loss account unless increase is on account of inflation.
i Cash and cash equivalent
Cash and cash equivalent in the balance sheet comprise cash at banks and in hand and short-term deposits with an original maturity of three months or less, which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.
For the purpose of the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and short-term deposits, as defined above, net of cash credit outstanding as they are considered an integral part of the Company''''s cash management.
(i) Television programs (completed, under production, available for sale) are stated at lower of cost / unamortized cost or realizable value. Cost comprises acquisition / direct production cost and other allocated production overheads. Where the realizable value on the basis of its estimated useful economic life is less than its carrying amount, the difference is expensed as impairment. Programs are expensed / amortized as under:
1 Programs - news / current affairs / chat shows / events etc. are fully expensed on telecast.
2 Programs (other than (1) above) are amortized over three financial years starting from the year of first telecast, as per management estimate of future revenue potential.
(ii) Raw stock: Tapes are valued at lower of cost or estimated net realizable value. Cost is taken on weighted average basis. k Financial instruments
Financial instruments is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity.
(i) Initial recognition
Financial assets and financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit and loss) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets or financial liabilities, as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit and loss are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss.
(ii) Subsequent measurement Financial assets
Financial assets are classified into the specified categories i.e. amortized cost, fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL) and fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI). The classification depends on the Company''''s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of cash flows.
A financial asset is subsequently measured at amortized cost if it is held within a business model whose objective is to hold the asset in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding. This category generally applies to trade and other receivables.
Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI):
A ''''debt instrument'''' is classified as at the FVTOCI if both of the following criteria are met:
(a) The objective of the business model is achieved both by collecting contractual cash flows and selling the financial assets.
(b) The asset''''s contractual cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest.
Debt instruments included within the FVTOCI category are measured initially as well as at each reporting date at fair value. Fair value movements are recognized in the other comprehensive income (OCI). However, the Company recognizes interest income, impairment losses and reversals and foreign exchange gain or loss in the statement of profit and loss. On derecognition of the asset, cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in OCI is reclassified from the equity to the statement of profit and loss. Interest earned whilst holding FVTOCI debt instrument is reported as interest income using the effective interest rate (EIR) method.
Fair value through profit and loss (FVTPL):
FVTPL is a residual category for debt instruments. Any debt instrument, which does not meet the criteria for categorization as at amortized cost or as FVTOCI, is classified as FVTPL.
In addition, the Company may elect to designate a debt instrument, which otherwise meets amortized cost or FVTOCI criteria, as at FVTPL. However, such election is considered only if doing so reduces or eliminates a measurement or recognition inconsistency (referred to as ''''accounting mismatch'''').
Debt instruments included within the FVTPL category are measured at fair value with all changes recognized in the statement of profit and loss.
The Company subsequently measures all equity instruments at fair value. Where the Company''''s management has elected to present fair value gains and losses on equity instruments in other comprehensive income, there is no subsequent reclassification of fair value gains and losses to statement of profit and loss. Dividends from such investments are recognized in statement of profit and loss as other income when the company''''s right to receive payment is established.
Investment in subsidiaries and associates
Investment in subsidiaries and associates are carried at cost less impairment loss in accordance with Ind AS 27 on "Separate Financial Statements". Refer note 9 for list of investments.
Derivative financial instruments
Derivative financial instruments are classified and measured at fare value through profit and loss.
Derecognition of financial assets
A financial asset is derecognized only when
(a) The Company has transferred the rights to receive cash flows from the asset or the rights have expired or
(b) The Company retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial asset, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows to one or more recipients in an arrangement.
Where the entity has transferred an asset, the Company evaluates whether it has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset. In such cases, the financial asset is derecognized. Where the entity has not transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is not derecognized.
Impairment of financial assets
The Company measures the expected credit loss associated with its assets based on historical trend, industry practices and the business environment in which the entity operates or any other appropriate basis. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.
Financial liabilities and equity instruments
Debt or equity instruments issued by the Company are classified as either financial liabilities or as equity in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangements and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument.
An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of an entity after deducting all of its liabilities. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of new shares or options are shown in equity as a deduction, net of tax.
Financial liabilities Subsequent measurement
Financial liabilities measured at amortized cost:
Financial liability are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the EIR method. Gains and losses are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the liabilities are derecognized as well as through the EIR amortization process. Amortized cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fee or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included in finance costs in the statement of profit and loss.
Financial liabilities measured at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL):
Financial liabilities at FVTPL include financial liabilities held for trading and financial liabilities designated upon initial recognition as FVTPL. Financial liabilities are classified as held for trading if they are incurred for the purpose of repurchasing in the near term. Derivatives, including separated embedded derivatives are classified as held for trading unless they are designated as effective hedging instruments. Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are carried in the financial statements at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in other income or finance costs in the statement of profit and loss.
Derecognition of financial liabilities
A financial liability is derecognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the derecognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.
Determination of fair value
Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an ordinary transaction between market participants at the measurement date.
In determining the fair value of its financial instruments, the Company uses a variety of methods and assumptions that are based on market conditions and risks existing at each reporting date. The methods used to determine fair value include discounted cash flow analysis and available quoted market prices. All methods of assessing fair value result in general approximation of value, and such value may never actually be realized.
l Borrowings and borrowing costs
Borrowings are initially recognized at net of transaction costs incurred and measured at amortized cost. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption amount is recognized in the statement of profit and loss over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest rate (EIR).
Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets till the time such assets are ready for intended use are capitalized as part of cost of the assets. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur
m Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets
The Company recognizes provisions when a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event exists and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle such obligation and the amount of such obligation can be reliably estimated.
If the effect of time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pre-tax rate that reflects, when appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as a finance cost.
A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits or the amount of such obligation cannot be measured reliably. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.
Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements, however they are disclosed where the inflow of economic benefits is probable. When the realization of income is virtually certain, then the related asset is no longer a contingent asset and is recognized as an asset.
n Revenue recognition
Revenue is recognized to the extent it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. All revenues are accounted on accrual basis except to the extent stated otherwise.
(i) Broadcasting revenue - Advertisement revenue (net of discount and volume rebates) is recognized when the related advertisement or commercial appears before the public i.e. on telecast. Subscription revenue is recognized on time basis on the provision of television broadcasting service to subscribers or as per the agreed terms.
(ii) Sales of television programs including program feeds are recognized when the significant risks and rewards have been transferred to the customers in accordance with the agreed terms.
(iii) Revenue from other services is recognized as and when such services are completed / performed.
(iv) Interest income is recognized using the effective interest rate (EIR) method, which is the rate that exactly discounts the estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial assets.
(v) Dividend income is recognized when the Company''''s right to receive dividend is established.
o Retirement and other employee benefits
i) The Company operates both defined benefit and defined contribution schemes for its employees
For defined contribution schemes the amount charged as expense is equal to the contributions paid or payable when employees have rendered services entitling them to the contributions.
For defined benefit plans, actuarial valuations are carried out at each balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. All such plans are unfounded.
All expenses represented by current service cost, past service cost, if any, and net interest on the defined benefit liability/ (asset) are recognized in the statement of profit and loss. Remeasurements of the net defined benefit liability/ (asset) comprising actuarial gains and losses (excluding interest on the net defined benefit liability/asset)) are recognized in other comprehensive income (OCI). Such remeasurements are not reclassified to the statement of profit and loss, in the subsequent periods.
(ii) Other long term employee benefits: The Company has a policy on compensated absences which are both accumulating and non-accumulating in nature. The expected cost of accumulating compensated absences is determined by actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary at each balance sheet date using projected unit credit method on the additional amount expected to be paid/availed as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the balance sheet date. Expense on non-accumulating compensated absences is recognized in the period in which the absences occur.
The Company presents the leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, to the extent it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for twelve months after the reporting date. Where Company has the unconditional legal and contractual right to defer the settlement for a period beyond twelve months, the same is presented as non-current liability.
(iii) Short term employee benefits: All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and they are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognizes the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability.
p Transactions in foreign currencies
The functional currency of the Company is Indian Rupees ('''').
(i) Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevalent on the date of such transactions.
(ii) Foreign currency monetary items are translated using the exchange rate prevalent at the reporting date. Exchange differences arising on settlement of monetary items or on reporting such monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.
(iii) Non-monetary foreign currency items are carried at historical cost and translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of transaction.
q Accounting for taxes on income
Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax.
(i) Current tax
Current tax is the amount of income taxes payable in respect of taxable profit for a period. Current tax for current and prior periods is recognized at the amount expected to be paid to or recovered from the tax authorities, using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in the tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulations are subject to interpretation and establishes provisions where appropriate.
(ii) Deferred tax
1 Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for all temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements except when the deferred tax arises from the initial recognition of an asset or liability that effects neither accounting nor taxable profit or loss at the time of transition.
Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realized.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date and are expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.
2 Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in accordance with tax laws, which give rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future tax liability is recognized as an asset only when, based on convincing evidence, it is probable that the future economic benefits associated with it will flow to the Company and the assets can be measured reliably.
(iii) Presentation of current and deferred tax
Current and deferred tax are recognized as income or an expense in the statement of profit and loss, except to the extent that the tax relates to items recognized directly in other comprehensive income, in which case, the current and deferred tax income / expense are recognized in other comprehensive income.
r Earnings per share
Basic earnings per share is computed and disclosed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Dilutive earnings per share is computed and disclosed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the period, except when the results would be anti-dilutive.
s Share based payments
The Company recognizes compensation expense relating to share-based payments in the statement of profit and loss using fair value in accordance with Ind AS 102, Share-Based Payment. The estimated fair value of awards is charged to statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for each separately vesting portion of the award as if the award was in-substance, multiple awards with a corresponding increase to share based payment reserves.
t Business combinations
Business combinations have been accounted for using the acquisition method under the provisions of Ind AS 103, Business Combinations.
The cost of an acquisition is measured at the fair value of the assets transferred, equity instruments issued and liabilities incurred or assumed at the date of acquisition, which is the date on which control is transferred to the Company. The cost of acquisition also includes the fair value of any contingent consideration. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair value on the date of acquisition.
Business combinations between entities under common control is accounted for at carrying value.
Transaction costs that the Company incurs in connection with a business combination such as finder''''s fees, legal fees, due diligence fees, and other professional and consulting fees are expensed as incurred.
Provision is made for the amount of any dividend declared on or before the end of the reporting period but remaining undistributed at the end of the reporting period, where the same has been appropriately authorized and is no longer at the discretion of the entity.
v Contributed equity
Equity shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of new shares or options are shown in equity as a deduction, net of tax.
w Exceptional items
Certain occasions, the size, type, or incidences of the item of income or expenses pertaining to the ordinary activities of the Company is such that its disclosure improves the understanding of the performance of the Company such income or expenses is classified as an exceptional item and accordingly disclosed in the financial statements.