System of Accounting
Basis for preparation of accounts:
The Accounts have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with applicable Accounting Principles in India, the applicable Accounting Standards as prescribed u/s 133 of the Companies Act 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014. Financial Statements are prepared based on historical cost and on the basis of a going concern. The Company follows the mercantile system of Accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on an accrual basis.
Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, taxes, insurance, etc., relating to the acquisition including installation/erection charges up to the date the asset is put to use, as applicable. In the case of Revaluation of any Fixed Assets, the same are stated at revalued amounts.
Depreciation is being charged considering the life of the asset and also considering the Para 4 requirements as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. In respect of the Capital expenditure incurred on Leasehold Assets, the same is amortized over the duration of the lease.
The cost of acquisition of Trade Marks is being amortized over a period of 5 years in line with the opinion of the Expert Advisory Committee of The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.
Current investments are carried at the lower of cost or quoted / fair value, categorywise. Long-term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.
Foreign Currency Transactions
Monetary liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year end rates.
The resultant gain/ loss, if any, is recognized in Profit & Loss Statement except exchange differences on liabilities incurred for acquisition of fixed assets which are adjusted to the carrying amounts of the respective assets.
Non Monetary Assets/ Liabilities related to foreign currency transactions are reported at the rates on the date of transaction.
Value of Inventories
a. Raw and Packing Materials and Consumables are valued at lower of cost on FIFO basis or net realizable value, where ever applicable.
b. Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value.
c. Work-in-Progress is valued at works cost.
Sales are stated at net of returns and sales tax. The Excise Duty relatable to sales is separately disclosed and deducted from Sales. Sales Revenue is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.
Dividend income from investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.
Interest Income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.
Borrowing costs are expensed as and when incurred. However, Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of cost of such asset.
Earnings per share
Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders and weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of dilutive part of equity shares, if any.
Treatment of Retirement Benefits
Based on the actuarial valuation provisions have been made for the differential amounts in Gratuity / Leave Encashment Obligations as per the requirements of Accounting Standard 15 (AS 15).
Taxes on Income
Current Tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period.
Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between the taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets are not recognized on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized.
Provisions & Contingencies
Provisions are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.
Contingent Liabilities are clearly disclosed while Contingent Assets, if any, are neither recognized nor disclosed.