. GENERAL INFORMATION
Trigyn Technologies Limited (‘TTL’ or ‘the Company’) was incorporated on March 25, 1986. TTL has its software development center in Mumbai, India (‘the Head Office’) and the Company operates in US through its subsidiary Trigyn Technologies Inc.
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
A. Basis of Preparation
The Financial statement of the Company have been prepared on accrual basis under historical cost Convention, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the accounting standards specified in section 133 of the Companies act, 2013 read with rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014 and relevant provisions of the Companies act, 2013. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting Standard is initially adopted or a revision to the Existing accounting Standard or a more appropriate presentation of the financial statements requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.
B. Use of Estimates
The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes, the useful lives and provision for impairment of fixed assets and intangible assets.
Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates.
C. Fixed Assets Tangible Assets
Tangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition, less accumulated depreciation/amortization and impairments, if any. Cost includes taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition.
Intangible assets are recognized only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably. The intangible assets are recorded at cost and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any.
Application software capitalized as Intangible Asset is normally amortized over a period of four years or over its useful life before it becomes obsolete, whichever is earlier
Capital work-in-progress comprises cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the year end.
D. Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation on additions and disposals is provided pro-rata for the period of use.
Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method, over the period of estimated useful life of the assets, as stipulated in Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013 or based on useful life wherever assessment is carried out by the management as per technical advice. The useful lives which are different from Schedule II are as follows:-
E. Impairment Assessment
At each Balance Sheet date, the Company assesses whether there is any indication that the fixed assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment, if any. Where it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of individual asset, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the block of asset to which the asset belongs.
Investments that are readily realizable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.
G. Foreign Currency Translation Initial Recognition
On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction. Subsequent Recognition
As at the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. All non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.
All monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency are restated at the end of accounting period.
Exchange differences on restatement of all other monetary items are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
H. Revenue Recognition
Income from Communications and information technology staffing support services comprise income from time and material and fixed price contracts. Revenue from ‘time and material’ contracts is recognized, as and when related services are performed and accepted by the customer. Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognized using the percentage of completion method of accounting, under which the sales value of performance, including the profit thereon, is determined by relating the actual man hours of work performed to date to the estimated total man hours for each contract. Provision for estimated losses on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable, based on current contract estimates.
Unbilled receivables represent costs incurred and revenues recognized on contracts, to be billed in subsequent periods as per the terms of the contract.
Interest and Other income are accounted for on accrual basis except where the receipt of income is uncertain in which case it is accounted for on receipt basis.
I. Employee Benefits
Contributions to the employees’ provident fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, are charged to the statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which the contributions are due. Leave encashment costs are provided for, based on an actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary at the balance sheet date. Gratuity costs, which are defined benefits, are based on an actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary at the balance sheet date.
Retention bonus is accounted on actual payment basis. Gratuity is funded through LIC and hence outstanding liability towards contribution to Gratuity fund included under ‘Short Term Provisions.
J. Current and Deferred Tax
Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit, which is equal to the excess of MAT (calculated in accordance with provisions of Section 115JB of the Income tax Act, 1961) over normal income-tax is recognized as an asset by crediting the Statement of Profit and Loss only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will be able to avail the said credit against normal tax payable during the period of ten succeeding assessment years.
Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognized on timing differences being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize such assets. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.
Advance taxes and provisions for current income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off-setting advance tax paid and income tax provision arising in the same tax jurisdiction and the Company intends to settle the asset and liability on a net basis.
K. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities
Provisions: Provisions are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.
Contingent liabilities: Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made, is termed as a contingent liability.
Assets given under operating lease are reflected in the financial statements under fixed assets. Further, lease income from such operating lease arrangements have been recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term.
M. Cash and Cash Equivalents
In the Cash Flow Statement, cash and cash equivalents includes cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.
N. Earnings per share
Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company’s earnings per share is the net profit for the period after deducting preference dividends and any attributable tax thereto for the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.
O. Stock based compensation
Compensation cost relating to employee stock options granted by the Company has been accounted in accordance with the provision of “Securities & Exchange Board of India (Share Based Employee Benefits) Regulations, 2014” as amended to date issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India. Accordingly, the excess of the market price of the underlying equity share as at the date of grant of the option over the exercise price of the options on the date of grant has been recognized as employee compensation expense and is reflected as ‘Employee Stock Options Outstanding’ under the head ‘Reserves and Surplus’.