Note 1. Employees Stock Option Scheme
The Company implemented Texmaco’s Employees Stock Option Schemes 2014, as approved by the Shareholders of the Company at their meeting held on 4th September, 2014.
Information in respect of option granted under the company’s Employee Stock Option Scheme are as follows :
Note 2. Financial Risk Management Objectives and policies-
The Company’s activities expose it to Credit Risk, Liquidity Risk, Market Risk, and Equity Price Risk.
This note explains the source of risk which the Company is exposed to and how the Company manages the risk and the impact. The management of the company ensures that risks are identified, measured and mitigated in accordance with the Risk Management Policy of the company. The Board provides guiding principles on risk management and also review these risks and related risk management policies which are given as under.
The Company’s financial liabilities comprise borrowings, capital creditors and trade and other payables. The company’s financial assets include trade and other receivables, cash and cash equivalents, investments including investments in subsidiaries, loans & advances and deposits
A. Credit Risk- A risk that counterparty may not meet its obligations under a financial instrument or customer contract, leading to a financial loss is defined as Credit Risk. The Company is exposed to credit risk from its operating and financial activities.
Customer credit risk is managed by the respective marketing department subject to the Company’s established policy, procedures and control relating to customer credit risk management. The Company reviews the creditworthiness of these customers on an on-going basis. The Company estimates the expected credit loss on the basis of past data, experience and policy laid down in this respect. The maximum exposure to the credit risk at the reporting date is the carrying value of the trade receivables disclosed in Note 1.11 as the Company does not hold any collateral as security. The Company has a practice to provide for doubtful debts as per its approved policy.
B. Liquidity Risk- A risk that the Company may not be able to settle or meet its obligations at a reasonable price is defined as liquidity risks. The Company’s treasury department is responsible for managing liquidity, funding as well as settlement management. In addition, processes and policies related to such risks are overseen by senior management. Management monitors the Company’s net liquidity position through rolling forecasts on the basis of expected cash flows.
The Company’s objective is to maintain a balance between continuity of funding and flexibility through the use of cash credits, Term loans among others.
C. Market Risk- A risk that the fair value of future cash flows of a financial instrument may fluctuate because of changes in market prices is defined as Marketing Risk. Such changes in the value of financial instruments may result from changes in the foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates, credit, liquidity and other market changes.
(i) Foreign Currency Risk- A risk that the fair value or future value of the cash flows of an forex exposure will fluctuate because of changes in foreign exchange rates is defined as Foreign Currency Risk. The Company’s exposure to the risk of changes in foreign exchange rates relates primarily to the Company’s export, import and foreign currency loan/ derivatives operating activities. The Company, as per its risk management policy, uses foreign exchange and other derivative instruments primarily to hedge foreign exchange exposure. The management monitors the foreign exchange fluctuations on a continuous basis.
(ii) Foreign currency sensitivity- The following table demonstrates the sensitivity to a reasonably possible change in USD and Euro exchange rates, with all other variables held constant. The impact on the Company’s profit before tax is due to changes in the fair value of monetary assets and liabilities. The Company’s exposure to foreign currency changes for all other currencies are not material.
D. Equity Price Risk- A risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in equity prices (other than those arising from interest rate or foreign exchange rate risk), whether those changes are caused by factors specific to the individual financial instruments or its issuer, or by factors affecting all similar financial instruments traded in the market is defined as Equity Price Risk.
The Company generally invests in the equity shares of the Subsidiaries, Associates, Joint Ventures and some of the group companies as part of the Company’s overall business strategy and policy. The Company manages the equity price risk through placing limits on individual and total equity investment in each of the subsidiaries and group companies based on the respective business plan of each of the companies. The Company’s investment in quoted equity instruments (other than above) is not material. For sensitivity analysis of Company’s investments in equity instruments, refer Note No. 1.61 (Fair Value)
Note 3 Capital Management
The Company’s objective when managing capital (defined as net debt and equity) is to safeguard the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern in order to provide returns to shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders, while protecting and strengthening the Balance Sheet through the appropriate balance of debt and equity funding. The Company manages its capital structure and makes adjustments to it, in light of changes to economic conditions and strategic objectives of the Company.
Note 4 Fair Value
Carrying amounts and fair values Fair Value through Profit & Loss (FVTPL) of financial instruments, including their levels in the fair value hierarchy as mentioned in Note No. C(v) has been mentioned in Note No 1.03 and Note No 1.10. All the investments which have been fair valued are classified under Level - 1.
Note 5 Notes on Reconciliation
(i) Investment property :
Under the previous GAAP, investment properties were presented as part of Property, Plant and Equipments. Under Ind AS, investment properties are required to be separately presented on the face of the Balance Sheet. There is no impact on the total equity or profit as a result of this adjustment.
(ii) Property, Plant and Equipment:
Assets are carried at deemed cost under Ind AS.
(a) Non-Current Investment- Non- Current Investment in equities (other than associate & subsidiaries) has been shown at fair value and gain/loss thereon has been routed through Other Comprehensive Income (OCI).
(b) Current Investment- The Company has designated investments other than Investments in Subsidiary, Joint Arrangements, and Associates at Fair Value through Profit and Loss (FVTPL). Ind AS requires FVTPL investments to be measured at fair value. At the date of transition to Ind AS, difference between the fair value of investment and IGAAP carrying amount has been recognized in Retained Earnings.
As per Ind AS 109, the Company has classified Foreign Currency Loans as financial liabilities to be measured at amortized cost. The Company has executed derivative contracts to hedge foreign currency risk of borrowings. The borrowings have been restated as at the date of transition.
(v) Deferred Tax:
IGAAP requires deferred tax accounting using the income statement approach, which focuses on differences between taxable profits and accounting profits for the period. Ind AS 12 requires entities to account for deferred taxes using the Balance Sheet approach, which focuses on temporary differences the carrying amount of an asset or liability in the Balance Sheet and its tax base. The application of Ind AS 12 approach has resulted in recognisation of deferred tax on new temporary differences which was not required under IGAAP.
In addition, the various transitional adjustments lead to temporary differences. According to the accounting policies, the Company has to account for such differences. Deferred Tax adjustments are recognized in correlation to the underlying transaction either in retained earnings or profit and loss respectively.
As per Ind AS 12, the Company has considered MAT entitlement credit as deferred tax asset being unused tax credit entitlement.
(vi) Proposed Dividend and Tax thereon:
Under the previous GAAP dividends proposed by the Board of Directors after the Balance Sheet date but before the approval of the financial statements were considered as adjusting events. Accordingly, provision for proposed dividend was recognized as a liability. Under Ind AS, such dividends are recognized when the same is approved by the shareholders in the general meeting. Accordingly, the liability for proposed dividend and tax thereon, included under provisions has been reversed with corresponding adjustment to retained earnings.
(vii) Revenue from Operation:
Under previous GAAP the Company used to account for its gross sale on the basis of dispatches made from its factory. Under Ind AS, the same is accounted for on transfer of all risk, reward and ownership to the customer. The corresponding impact of above transaction has been given under Inventory.
(viii) Excise Duty:
Under the previous GAAP revenue from sale of products was presented exclusive of excise duty. Under Ind AS, revenue from sale of goods is presented inclusive of excise duty. The excise duty paid is presented on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss as part of expenses. There is no impact on the total equity and profit.
(ix) Re-measurements of Post-Employment Benefits Obligations:
Under Ind AS, re-measurements i.e. actuarial gains and losses and the return on plan assets, excluding amounts included in the net interest expense on the net defined benefit liability are recognized in other comprehensive income instead of profit or loss. Under the previous GAAP, these re-measurements were forming part of the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year. There is no impact on the total equity.
(x) Other Comprehensive Income:
Under Ind AS, all items of income and expense recognized in a period should be included in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period, unless a standard requires or permits otherwise. Items of income and expense that are not recognized in profit or loss but are shown in the Statement of Profit and Loss as ''''other comprehensive income’ includes re-measurements of defined benefit plans, effective portion of gains and losses on cash flow hedging instruments etc. The concept of other comprehensive income did not exist under previous GAAP.
(xi) Share Based Payment:
Under the previous GAAP the costs of equity-settled employee share-based plan were recognized using intrinsic value method. Under Ind AS, the cost of equity settled share-based plan is recognized based on the fair value of the options as at the grant date. There is no impact on total equity.