NOTE 1 : COMPANY OVERVIEW
Shree Pushkar Chemicals & Fertilizers Limited (the "Company") is a Public Limited Company domiciled in India and incorporated on March 29, 1993 under the provisions of Companies Act, 1956. The Company is engaged in the business of manufacturing and trading of Chemicals, Dyes and Dyes Intermediate, Cattle Feeds, Fertilizers and Soil Conditioner. NOTE 2 : SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
A. Basis of preparation of financial statements
These financial statements have been prepared to comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 notified by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section (1) (a) of section 642 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 read with the Rule 7 of Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 in respect of section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the "Act"). The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company unless otherwise stated.
All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and services and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities.
B. Use of estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimated are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.
C. Fixed Assets
Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at actual cost of acquisition amounts, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. The cost of an item is its purchase price, including import duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use; any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.
Item of tangible fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.
Tangible fixed assets under construction are disclosed as capital work-in-progress. Assets under installation/ commissioning are shown under Capital Work-in-Progress in last year are capitalized and commissioned during the year for which installation certificate has been obtained.
Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets, up to the end of previous financial year i.e. up to March 31, 2014, was provided on ''''''''Straight Line Method" at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Freehold land is not depreciated.
With the applicability of Companies Act, 2013 with effect from April 1, 2014, depreciation / amortization is provided on the Straight Line Method (SLM) unless otherwise mentioned, pro-rata to the period of use of assets, based on the useful lives as specified in Part C of Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.
As per the provisions of Note 7 of Para C of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013, the carrying amount of the existing assets as on April 1, 2014:
- will be depreciated over the remaining useful life of the asset as per this Schedule
- in cases where the remaining useful life of an asset is nil, the residual value has been transferred to the retained earnings.
Depreciation on additions/ deletions to fixed assets is calculated pro-rata from/ up to the date of such additions/ deletions. Assets individually costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.
E. Recognition of Income
Revenue from sale of goods is recognized net of rebates and discounts on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Sale of goods is recognized gross of excise duty but net of sales tax and value added tax.
F. Other Income
Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive payment is established.
Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the interest rate applicable.
G. Impairment of Fixed Assets
Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/ cash generating unit is made. Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''''s or cash generating unit''''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.
Investments are classified into long term investments and current investments. Investments which are intended to be held for one year or more are classified as long term investments and investments which are intended to be held for less than one year are classified as current investments. Long term investments are carried at cost less other than any temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investment.
(a) Inventories are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined on First-In-First-Out (FIFO) basis. Cost of inventories comprises all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.
(b) Cost of raw materials, packing material, stores and spares and consumables are determined on First-In-First-Out (FIFO) basis. Cost of work-in-progress and finished goods comprises of raw material, direct labor, other direct costs and related production overheads. Net realizable value is the estimate of the selling price in the ordinary course of the business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.
J. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities
Provisions: Provisions are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.
Contingent Liabilities: Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.
K. Accounting for Taxation of Income
Tax expense for the period, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.
Deferred tax is recognized for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the company reassesses unrecognized deferred tax assets, if any.
Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.
Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) under the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961 is recognized as current tax in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The credit available under the Act in respect of MAT paid is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the year for which the MAT credit can be carried forward for set-off against the normal tax liability. MAT credit recognized as an asset is reviewed at each balance sheet date and written down to the extent the aforesaid convincing evidence no longer exists.
L. Foreign Currency Transactions
Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of such transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities as at the Balance Sheet date are translated at the rates of exchange prevailing at the date of the Balance Sheet. Gains and losses arising on account of differences in foreign exchange rates on settlement/ translation of short-term monetary assets and liabilities are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Gains and losses arising on account of differences in foreign exchange rates on translation/ settlement of long-term monetary liabilities in so far as they relate to acquisition of a depreciable capital asset are added to/ deducted from the cost of the asset. Non-monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.
M. Borrowing Costs
General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.
As a lessee:
Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the less or are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.
O. Employee Benefits
Short term benefit payable to employees wholly within twelve months of rendering services such as salaries, wages etc. are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.
The Contribution towards provident fund for employees is made to the regulatory authorities, where the Company has no further obligations. Such benefits are classified as Defined Contribution Schemes as the Company does not carry any further obligations, apart from the contributions made on a monthly basis.
The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the "Gratuity Plan") covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''''s salary and the tenure of employment. The Company''''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year/ period. Actuarial losses/gains are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.
The Company has employees'''' gratuity fund scheme administered by a Trust managed by Life Insurance Corporation of India. The present value of the obligation is determined based on actuarial valuation carried out by Life Insurance Corporation of India using the projected unit credit method based on which the Company pays its contribution to the fund on periodic basis.
P. Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.
Q. Cash and Cash Equivalents
In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks and other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.
R. Insurance claims
Insurance claims are accounted for on the basis of claims admitted / expected to be admitted and to the extent that there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims.
S. Service tax input credit
Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilizing the credits.
T. Excise/ Cenvat
Cenvat credit availed during the year is reduced from purchase cost and related fixed assets and added to cenvat receivable account. The adjustment against excise duty during the year is debited to excise duty paid account and credited to cenvat receivable account. Excise duty payable on finished goods lying at the factory premises at the close of the year is provided in the books as per the excise rules.
U. Pre IPO Expenses
Pre IPO expenses comprises of expenses related to public issue of Equity Shares of the Company. The same is amortized against Securities Premium of the said public issue during the year.
V. Export Incentives
Export Incentives are accounted for on accrual basis to the extent considered receivable.