I. Basis of preparation of financial statements
These financial statements have been prepared to comply with accounting principles generally accepted in India (Indian GAAP), the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules,
2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention.
All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the company’s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current- noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities.
II. Use of estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires judgments, estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.
III. Fixed Assets & Depreciation
a) Fixed assets are stated at historical cost. Cost includes freight, installation cost, duties, taxes and incidental expenses but net of recoverable taxes.
b) Depreciation / amortization on tangible and intangible fixed assets are provided to the extent of depreciable amount on the straight line method (SLM). Depreciation is provided at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except on following assets, where useful life has been taken based on internal technical evaluation:
Particulars Useful Life (in years)
c) Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition net of recoverable taxes less accumulated amortization / depletion and impairment loss, if any.
d) Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.
Long Term Investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long term investment is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.
Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.
i) Finished Goods have been valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.
ii) Raw Materials, Stores & Spares have been valued at cost on FIFO basis, which include purchase price, freight, duty, taxes & other incidental expenses but net of recoverable taxes.
iii) Work-in-process is carried at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.
VI. Revenue Recognition
i) Sales are recognized upon delivery of products and are recorded inclusive of excise duty but net of rebates, discounts and sales tax.
ii) Job work receipts are recorded net of Service Tax.
VII. Excise Duty / Service Tax
Excise Duty / Service Tax is accounted on the basis of both, payments made in respect of goods cleared / service provided as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouses.
VIII. Provision for Current and Deferred Tax
Provision for current tax is made after taking into consideration benefits admissible under the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961.
Deferred tax resulting from “timing difference” between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that the asset will be realized in future.
IX. Foreign Currency Transactions
(i) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction or that approximates the actual rate at the date of the transaction.
(ii) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year-end are restated at year end rates. In case of items which are covered by forward contracts, the difference between the year-end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognized as exchange difference and the premium paid on forward contracts is recognized over the life of the contract.
(iii) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the profit and loss account.
X. Impairment of Assets
At each balance sheet date, the Company assesses whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount. If the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its recoverable amount, an impairment loss is recognized in the profit and loss account to the extent the carrying amount exceeds recoverable amount.
XI. Employee Benefits
(i) Short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.
(ii) Long term employee benefits: Liability towards Gratuity and unveiled leaves has been provided on the basis of actuarial valuation.
Lease arrangement where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the less or, are recognized as operating lease. Lease rentals under operating lease are recognized in Statement Profit & Loss in straight line basis.
XIII. Borrowing Cost
Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets until such time the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. Investment income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalization.
XIV. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets
A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions [excluding retirement benefit] are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized in the financial statements. A contingent asset is neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.
XV. Measurement of EBITDA
The Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. In its measurement, the Company does not include depreciation and amortization expense, finance costs and tax expense.
XVI. Unless specifically stated to be otherwise, these policies are consistently followed.