Kridhan Infra Limited, is a public company registered under the Companies Act 1956 with CIN:L27100MH2006PLC160602 The company is a listed entity whose shares are listed and traded on both Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange (NSE).
Note No. 1: Significant Accounting Policies:
(a) Basis of Accounting
The Financial Statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting principles generally accepted in India (GAAP) and comply in material respect with the mandatory Accounting Standards (“AS”) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and notified under the Companies Accounting Standard Rules, to the extent applicable and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 except accounting for tax demands and Bonus which are accounted for on Cash Basis.
(b) Use of estimates
The preparation of Financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amounts of Assets and Liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of the revenue and expenses for the year. Actual result could differ from these estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.
(c) Fixed Assets
Fixed Assets are capitalized at acquisition cost and any cost directly attributable to bringing the assets to their working condition for the intended use.
(d) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method as per the method prescribed under Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013.
Inventories comprising of saleable stock are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Consumable stock are valued at Cost.
(f) Revenue Recognition
Revenue is recognized when the property in the goods is transferred in favor of the customer, which normally coincides with the date of physical delivery. In case of transit sales where goods are transferred by transfer of the documents of title, revenue is recognized on the transfer of the document of title.
Interest on Fixed Deposits is recognized on accrual basis.
Income from sale of Scrap is accounted on cash basis.
(g) Foreign currency transactions
Transactions in foreign currencies are accounted at the prevailing exchange rates. Year end balances of payables are translated at applicable year end rates and resultant translation differences are recognized in the Profit and Loss account.
(h) Retirement Benefits
Gratuity expenses are accounted for on accrual basis. Provident fund contribution are charged in the year / period when the same are incurred.
(i) Borrowing Costs
Interest/Finance Cost on loans specifically borrowed for and expansion of projects, up to the point when the project is ready for start of commercial production is charged to the capital cost of the projects concerned. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.
(j) Impairment of Assets
Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Company’s fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset’s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.
(k) Prior period and extraordinary items
The nature and amount of prior period items and extraordinary items are separately disclosed in the statement of profit and loss in a manner that their impact on current profit and loss account can be perceived.
(l) Income Tax expenses
Income Tax expense comprise of current tax and deferred tax charge or credit.
The current charge for Income taxes is calculated in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to Company.
Deferred Tax charge or credit reflects the tax effects of timing difference between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charges or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and is written -up to reflect the amount that is reasonably or virtually certain, as the case may be, to be realized in future.
The break-up of the major components of the deferred tax assets and liabilities as at balance sheet date has been arrived at after setting off deferred tax assets and liabilities where the Company has a legally enforceable rights to set-off assets against liabilities and where such assets and liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.
(m) Earnings per Share
The basic Earnings Per Share (EPS) is computed by dividing the annualized net profit after tax for the period by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding as at the end of the period. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, net profit after tax for the period and the weighted average number of outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. The dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares have been adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. the average market value of the outstanding shares).
(n) Provisions, Contingent liability and Assets
Provisions are recognized in terms of Accounting Standard-29”Provisions,Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets”, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, where there is a present legal or statutory obligation as a result of past events, where it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent Liabilities are recognized only when there is a possible obligation from past events due to occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of future outflow of resources or where a reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Obligations are assessed on an ongoing basis and only those having a largely probable outflow of resources are provided for.
Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed.
(o) Investment in equity of subsidiaries are accounted for as long term investments and are carried at cost.
(p) Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions which affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses of the reporting period. The difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known or materialized