NOTE 1: GENERAL INFORMATION
The financial statements comprise financial statements of Torrent Power Limited (“the Company”) for the year ended 31st March, 2017.
The Company is a public company domiciled in India and is incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act applicable in India. Its shares are listed on BSE Ltd. and National Stock Exchange Ltd. in India. The registered office of the Company is located at “Samanvay”, 600, Tapovan, Ambawadi, Ahmadabad - 380 015.
The Company is an integrated power utility and is engaged in the generation, transmission, distribution of power and manufacturing of the Cables.
NOTE 2: STATEMENT OF COMPLIANCE
The financial statements is in compliance, in all material aspects, with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (“the Act”) read with the [Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015] and other relevant provisions of the Act and rules made there under.
Upto the year ended 31st March, 2016, the financial statements were prepared in accordance with the accounting standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Act (previous GAAP).
These financial statements are the first financial statements of the Company under Ind AS. The date of transition to Ind AS is 1st April, 2015. Financial information in the financial statements for the year ended 31st March, 2016 and the opening balance sheet as at 1st April, 2015 have been restated in accordance with Ind AS. Refer note 4.24 for the details of significant first-time adoption exemptions availed by the Company. Refer note 72 for an explanation of how the transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS has affected the Company’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows.
As prescribed by the Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS), if the particular Ind AS is not in conformity with the applicable laws, the provisions of the said law shall prevail and financial statements shall be prepared in conformity with such laws. Consequently, the Company has applied this norm while preparing the financial statements.
NOTE 3: NEW STANDARDS AND INTERPRETATIONS NOT YET ADOPTED
In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017 notifying amendments to Ind AS - 7 “Statement of cash flows” and Ind AS - 102 “Share-based payment’.’ These amendments are in accordance with the recent amendments made by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to IAS 7 Statement of cash flows and IFRS 2, Share-based payment, respectively. The amendments are applicable to the Company from 1st April, 2017.
The amendment to Ind AS 7 requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including changes arising from both cash flows and non-cash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the balance sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement.
The Company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and the effect on it’s financial statements.
The amendment to Ind AS 102 is not applicable to the Company.
4.1 Basis of preparation:
The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis under the historical cost convention except for certain financial instruments that are measured at fair values at the end of each reporting period, as explained in the accounting policies stated hereunder.
4.2 Business combinations and Goodwill:
Business combination - acquisition
Acquisitions of businesses are accounted for using the acquisition method. The consideration transferred in a business combination is measured at fair value, which is calculated as the sum of the acquisition-date fair values of the assets transferred by the Company, liabilities incurred by the Company to the former owners of the acquire and the equity interests issued by the Company in exchange for control of the acquire.
Business combination - common control transaction
Business combinations involving entities that are controlled by the Company are accounted for using the pooling of interests method as follows:
- The assets and liabilities of the combining entities are reflected at their carrying amounts.
- No adjustments are made to reflect fair values, or recognize any new assets or liabilities. Adjustments are only made to harmonies accounting policies.
- The financial information in the financial statements in respect of prior periods is restated as if the business combination had occurred from the beginning of the preceding period in the financial statements, irrespective of the actual date of the combination. However, where the business combination had occurred after that date, the prior period information is restated only from that date.
- The balance of the retained earnings appearing in the financial statements of the transferor is aggregated with the corresponding balance appearing in the financial statements of the transferee or is adjusted against general reserve.
- The identity of the reserves are preserved and the reserves of the transferor become the reserves of the transferee.
- The difference, if any, between the amounts recorded as share capital issued plus any additional consideration in the form of cash or other assets and the amount of share capital of the transferor is transferred to capital reserve and is presented separately from other capital reserves.
Business combination-related costs are generally recognized in statement of profit and loss as incurred.
Goodwill on acquisitions of subsidiaries is included in intangible assets. Goodwill is not amortized but it is tested for impairment annually, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that it might be impaired, and is carried at cost less accumulated impairment losses. Gains and losses on the disposal of an entity include the carrying amount of goodwill relating to such entity.
Goodwill is allocated to cash-generating units for the purpose of impairment testing. The allocation is made to those cash-generating units that are expected to benefit from the business combination in which the goodwill arose.
Investments in mutual funds are primarily held for the Company’s temporary cash requirements and can be readily convertible in cash. These investments are initially recorded at fair value and classified as fair value through profit or loss.
Investments in associates, joint ventures and subsidiaries are measured at cost less provision for impairment, if any.
4.4 Government grants:
Government grants are not recognized until there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attaching to them and that the grants will be received.
Government grants are recognized in profit or loss on a systematic basis over the periods in which the Company recognizes as expenses the related costs for which the grants are intended to compensate. Specifically, government grants whose primary condition is that the Company should purchase, construct or otherwise acquire non-current assets are recognized as deferred revenue in the balance sheet and transferred to profit or loss on a systematic and rational basis over the useful lives of the related assets.
4.5 Property, plant and equipment:
Tangible fixed assets
Land and buildings held for use in the production or supply of goods or services, or for administrative purposes, are stated in the balance sheet at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. Freehold land is not depreciated.
Property, plant and equipment including capital work in progress in the course of construction for production, supply or administrative purposes are carried at cost, less any recognized impairment loss. Cost includes purchase price, taxes and duties, labour cost and other directly attributable costs incurred upto the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Such property, plant and equipment are classified to the appropriate categories when completed and ready for intended use.
Subsequent cost are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. Subsequent costs relating to day to day servicing of the item are not recognized in the carrying amount of an item of property, plant and equipment; rather, these costs are recognized in profit or loss as incurred.
An item of property, plant and equipment is derecognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from the continued use of the asset. Any gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an item of property, plant and equipment is determined as the difference between the sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognized in profit or loss.
Depreciation commences when the assets are ready for their intended use. Depreciation for the year is provided on additions / deductions of the assets during the period from / up to the month in which the asset is added / deducted. Depreciation is calculated on a straight line basis. Depreciation on tangible assets which are governed as per the provisions of Part B of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 is provided based on the depreciation rates, the methodology and residual value as notified by the respective regulatory bodies in accordance with the Electricity Act, 2003. For other tangible assets, depreciation is provided as per the estimated useful lives.
The estimated useful life and depreciation method are reviewed at the end of each reporting period, with the effect of any changes in estimate being accounted for on a prospective basis.
4.6 Investment properties:
Property that is held for long-term rental yields or for capital appreciation or both, and that is not occupied by the Company, is classified as investment property. Investment property is measured initially at its cost, including related transaction costs and where applicable borrowing costs. Subsequent expenditure is capitalized to the asset’s carrying amount only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the expenditure will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably.
An investment property is derecognized upon disposal or when the investment property is permanently withdrawn from its current use and no future economic benefits are expected from the disposal. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition of the property (calculated as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset) is included in profit or loss in the period in which the property is derecognized.
Investment properties, other than free hold land, are depreciated using straight line method over their estimated useful lives.
4.7 Intangible assets - acquired:
Computer software is carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Amortization is recognized on a straight-line basis over its estimated useful life of 3 years. The estimated useful life and amortization method are reviewed at the end of each reporting period and the effect of any changes in such estimate being accounted for on a prospective basis.
An intangible asset is derecognized on disposal, or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset, measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset, are recognized in profit or loss when the asset is derecognized.
4.8 Impairment of tangible and intangible assets other than goodwill:
Tangible and intangible assets are reviewed for impairment losses whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its recoverable amount, which is the higher of an assets net selling price and value in use. An impairment loss is recognized immediately in profit or loss.
4.9 Borrowing costs:
Borrowing costs attributed to the acquisition and construction of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, such as new projects and / or specific assets created in the existing business, are capitalized up to the date of completion and ready for their intended use.
Income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalization.
Other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss in the period of their accrual.
4.10 Cash and cash equivalents:
Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.
Inventories of raw material, stores, spare parts, coal, fuel, packing materials and loose tools are valued at lower of weighted average cost and net realizable value. Cost of inventories includes cost of purchase price, conversion cost and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Adequate provision for slow and non-moving items is made as per the policy of the Company.
With respect to Cables unit, the cost of work-in-progress and finished goods is determined on full absorption costing method and comprises of raw materials and other direct costs and related production overheads and, where applicable, excise duty. Scrap is valued at net realizable value.
Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.
4.12 Revenue recognition:
(i) Revenue is recognized when no significant uncertainty as to the measurability or collectability exists. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Revenue is reduced for rebates and other similar allowances.
Revenue from power supply and transmission charges are accounted for on the basis of billings to consumers and Central transmission utility respectively in accordance with tariff orders issued by the respective regulatory commissions. Revenue recognized in excess of billing has been reflected under “other financial assets” as unbilled revenue.
Further, in view of the uncertainties involved in the recoverability, the quarterly Fuel and Power Purchase Price Adjustment (“FPPPA’) claims are accounted for as and when allowed by the regulatory authorities and truing up adjustments claims are accounted for as and when billed to the consumers. [note 5.1(i)]
(ii) Sales with respect to Cables unit are recognized, net of returns and rebates, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Sales includes excise duty but excludes sales-tax and value added tax.
(iii) Gross proceeds from sale of Certified Emission Reduction certificates (CERs) are recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of CERs have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the CERs.
(iv) Dividend is accounted when the right to receive payment is established.
(v) Interest income from financial assets is recognized when it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the amount of income can be measured reliably.
Interest on overdue receivables of energy bills, insurance, coal cost variation and other claims, casual income etc. are accounted on grounds of prudence, as and when recovered.
(vi) Contributions by consumers towards items of property, plant and equipment, which require an obligation to provide electricity connectivity to the consumers, are recognized as a credit to deferred revenue. Such revenue is recognized over the useful life of the property, plant and equipment.
4.13 Foreign currency translation:
(a) Functional and presentation currency
The financial statements are prepared in Indian rupee (INR) which is functional as well as presentation currency of the Company.
(b) Transactions and balances
(i) I n preparing the financial statements of the Company, transactions in currencies other than the entity’s functional currency (foreign currencies) are recognized at the rates of exchange prevailing at the dates of the transactions.
(ii) At the end of each reporting period, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the rates prevailing at that date.
(iii) Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are not retranslated.
(iv) Exchange differences arising on settlement of monetary items or on reporting the Company’s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the financial year are recognized as income or expense in the financial year in which they arise.
(v) The Company has decided to continue the policy adopted for accounting for exchange differences arising from translation of long-term foreign currency monetary items recognized in the financial statements for the period ending immediately before the beginning of the first Ind AS financial reporting period as per the previous GAAP i.e. exchange differences relating to long term foreign currency monetary items in so far as they relate to acquisition of depreciable capital assets is adjusted to the cost of such capital asset and depreciated over the balance useful life of such asset.
4.14 Employee benefits:
Defined contribution plans
Retirement benefit plans in the form of provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation schemes are charged as an expense on an accrual basis when employees have rendered the service.
Defined benefits plans
For defined retirement benefit plans, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the projected unit credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at the end of each reporting period. Remeasurement, comprising actuarial gains and losses and the effect of the changes to the asset ceiling (if applicable), is reflected immediately in the balance sheet with a charge or credit recognized in other comprehensive income in the period in which they occur and consequently recognized in retained earnings and is not reclassified to profit or loss.
The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents the actual deficit or surplus in the Company’s defined benefit plans. Any surplus resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of any economic benefits available in the form of reductions in future contributions to the plans.
Other long-term employee benefit obligations
The liabilities for earned leave and sick leave are not expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service. They are therefore measured as the present value of expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employees up to the end of the reporting period using the projected unit credit method. The benefits are discounted using the market yields at the end of the reporting period that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation. Remeasurements as a result of experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in profit or loss.
The said obligations are presented as current liabilities in the balance sheet if the entity does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement for at least twelve months after the reporting period, regardless of when the actual settlement is expected to occur.
Income tax expense represents the sum of the tax currently payable and deferred tax.
The tax currently payable is based on estimated taxable profit for the year in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Taxable profit differs from ‘profit before tax’ as reported in the statement of profit and loss because of items of income or expenses that are taxable or deductible in other years and items that are never taxable or deductible. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in the tax returns with respect to situations for which applicable tax regulations are subject to interpretation and revises the provisions, if so required where consider necessary.
Deferred tax is recognized on temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit. Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognized for all taxable temporary differences.
Deferred tax assets are generally recognized for all deductible temporary differences, unused tax losses and unused tax credits to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which those deductible temporary differences can be utilized.
The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at the end of each reporting period and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered.
Deferred tax liabilities and assets are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period in which the liability is settled or the asset realized, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.
The measurement of deferred tax liabilities and assets reflects the tax consequences that would follow from the manner in which the Company expects, at the end of the reporting period, to recover or settle the carrying amount of its assets and liabilities.
4.16 Earnings per share:
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.
Diluted earnings per share is computed by adjusting the figures used in the determination of basic EPS to take into account:
- After tax effect of interest and other financing costs associated with dilutive potential equity shares.
- The weighted average number of additional equity shares that would have been outstanding assuming the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.
4.17 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets: Provisions
A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.
The amount recognized as a provision is the best estimate of the consideration required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period, taking into account the risks and uncertainties surrounding the obligation. When a provision is measured using the cash flows estimated to settle the present obligation, its carrying amount is the present value of those cash flows (when the effect of the time value of money is material).
A possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the enterprise are disclosed as contingent liability and not provided for. Such liability is not disclosed if the possibility of outflow of resources is remote.
A contingent asset is a possible asset that arises from past events and whose existence will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the entity.
Contingent assets are not recognized but disclosed only when an inflow of economic benefits is probable.
4.18 Financial instruments:
Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments.
Financial assets and financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets or financial liabilities, as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are recognized immediately in profit or loss.
Classification of financial assets
Debt instruments (including mutual fund)
Debt Instruments that meet the following conditions are subsequently measured at amortized cost (except for debt instruments that are designated at fair value through profit or loss on initial recognition):
- the asset is held within a business model whose objective is to hold assets in order to collect contractual cash flows; and
- t he contractual terms of the instrument give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.
All other financial assets are subsequently measured at fair value.
Income is recognized on an effective interest basis for debt instruments other than those financial assets classified as at FVTPL.
Impairment of financial assets
I n accordance with Ind AS 109, the Company applies Expected Credit Loss (ECL) model for measurement and recognition of impairment loss on the following financial assets considering the credit risk exposure:
Financial assets that are debt instruments, and are measured at amortized cost e.g. loans, debt securities, deposits, trade receivables and bank balance.
The Company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its financial assets carried at amortized cost. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.
For trade receivables or any contractual right to receive cash or another financial asset that result from transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 18 only, the Company follows ‘simplified approach’ for recognition of impairment loss and always measures the loss allowance at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses.
Further, for the purpose of measuring lifetime expected credit loss allowance for trade receivables, the Company has used a practical expedient as permitted under Ind AS 109 i.e. expected credit loss allowance as computed based on historical credit loss experience.
Derecognition of financial assets
A financial asset (or, where applicable, a part of a financial asset or part of a group of similar financial assets) is primarily derecognized (i.e. removed from the Company’s balance sheet) when:
- The rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired, or
- The Company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset
4.19 Financial liabilities:
Classification as debt or equity
Debt and equity instruments issued by the Company are classified as either financial liabilities or as equity in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangements and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument.
An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of an entity after deducting all of its liabilities. Transaction costs of an equity transaction shall be accounted for in other equity.
The Company’s financial liabilities include trade and other payables, loans and borrowings including derivative financial instruments.
All the Company’s financial liabilities, except for financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss, are measured at amortized cost. The carrying amounts of financial liabilities, that are subsequently measured at amortized cost, are determined based on the effective interest method.
The Effective Interest Rate Method (EIR) is a method of calculating the amortized cost of a financial liability and of allocating interest expense over the relevant period. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash payments (including transaction costs and other premiums or discounts) through the expected life of the financial liability, or (where appropriate) a shorter period, to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.
Loans and borrowings
Loans and borrowings are initially recognized at fair value, net of transaction cost incurred. After initial recognition, interest-bearing loans and borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the EIR method. Gains and losses are recognized in profit or loss when the liabilities are derecognized as well as through the EIR amortization process.
Amortized cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss.
Derecognition of financial liabilities
The Company derecognises financial liabilities when, and only when, the Company’s obligations are discharged, cancelled or waived off or have expired. An exchange between the Company and the lender of debt instruments with substantially different terms is accounted for as an extinguishment of the original financial liability and the recognition of a new financial liability. The difference between the carrying amount of the financial liability derecognized and the consideration paid and payable is recognized in profit or loss.
4.20 Derivative financial instruments:
The Company enters into derivative financial instruments to hedge itself against foreign exchange fluctuations and against variation in the prices of underlying commodities.
Derivatives are initially recognized at fair value at the date the derivative contracts are entered into and are subsequently premeasured to their fair value at the end of each reporting period. The resulting gain or loss is recognized in profit or loss immediately.
4.21 Fair value measurement:
The Company measures financial instruments, such as, derivatives, investment in units of mutual fund at fair value at each balance sheet date.
Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value measurement is based on the presumption that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability takes place either:
- In the principal market for the asset or liability, or
- In the absence of a principal market, in the most advantageous market for the asset or liability
All assets and liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the financial statements are categorized within the fair value hierarchy, described as follows, based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole:
Level 1 - Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
Level 2 - Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable
Level 3 - Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable.
4.22 Leases :
Leases (including lease arrangements for land) are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership to the lessee. All other leases are classified as operating leases.
Operating Lease (The Company as Lessee): Lease payments under an operating lease are recognized as expense in the statement of profit and loss, on a straight-line or other systematic basis over the lease term. Where the rentals are structured solely to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the Less or’s expected inflationary cost increases, such increases are recognized in the year in which such liability accrues.
4.23 Rounding of amounts :
All amounts disclosed in the financial statements and notes have been rounded off to the nearest lacs as per the requirement of Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013, unless otherwise stated.
4.24 First-time adoption - mandatory exceptions and optional exemptions:
The Company has prepared the opening balance sheet as per Ind AS as at 1st April, 2015 (transition date) after applying mandatory exceptions and availing certain optional exemptions as given below:
Past business combinations
The Company has elected not to apply Ind AS - 103 “Business Combinations” retrospectively to past business combinations that occurred before the transition date of 1st April, 2015 and consequently the Company has applied same recognition principles and has kept the same classification for the past business combination as in its previous GAAP financial statements.
Deemed cost for property, plant and equipment, investment property, and intangible assets
The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its plant and equipment, investment property and intangible assets recognized as of 1st April, 2015 (transition date), measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.
Transfers of Assets from Customers
The Company has applied Appendix C of Ind AS - 18 “Transfers of Assets from Customers” (including for balances as on the Transition date i.e. 1st April, 2015 as permitted under Para D 36 of the Ind AS 101). This relates to contribution received from customers for ongoing access to electricity distribution system, which are now classified as deferred revenue and transferred to income statement over the useful life of assets, in line with Ind AS 18. This was hitherto been referred to as service line contribution and classified under reserve and adjusted against depreciation charge, in the income statement, over the useful life of the assets.
Exchange differences arising on long-term foreign currency monetary items
Under previous GAAP, the Company had opted to defer / capitalize exchange differences arising on long-term foreign currency monetary items in accordance with paragraph 46A of AS - 11 “The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates’.’ The Company has now availed the option available under Ind AS - 101 “First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards” whereby a first time adopter can continue its Indian GAAP policy for accounting for exchange differences arising from translation of long-term foreign currency monetary items recognized in the Indian GAAP financial statements for the period ending immediately before the beginning of the first Ind AS financial reporting period i.e. 1st April, 2016.
Classification and measurement of financial assets
The Company has followed classification and measurement of financial assets in accordance with Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments on the basis of facts and circumstances that existed at the date of transition to Ind AS.
Impairment of financial assets
The Company has applied the impairment requirements of Ind AS 109 retrospectively; however, as permitted by Ind AS 101, it has used reasonable and supportable information that is available without undue cost or effort to determine the credit risk as at the date that financial instruments were initially recognized in order to compare it with the credit risk as at the transition date.
However, as permitted by Ind AS 101, the Company has not undertaken an exhaustive search for information when determining, at the date of transition to Ind ASs, whether there have been significant increases in credit risk since initial recognition.
Deemed cost for investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures
The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures as of 1st April, 2015 (transition date) measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.