Hexaware Technologies Limited ("Hexaware" or the "Company") is a public limited company incorporated in India . The Company is engaged in information technology consulting, software development and business process management. Hexaware provides multiple service offerings to its clients across various industries comprising travel, transportation, hospitality, logistics, banking, financial services, insurance, healthcare, manufacturing, consumer and services. The various service offerings comprise application development and management, enterprise package solutions, infrastructure management, business intelligence and analytics, business process, digital assurance and testing.
B Significant Accounting Policies
i) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements These financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles applicable in India under the historical cost convention except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair value. These financial statements comply in all material aspects with the applicable provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (the "Act").
ii) Use of Estimates
The preparation of the financial statements, in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting year. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known / materialized. Example of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, employee benefits, share based compensation, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred, the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provisions for impairment.
iii) Revenue Recognition
Revenues from software solutions and consulting services are recognized on specified terms of contract. In case of contract on time and material basis revenue is recognized when the related services are performed and in case of fixed price contracts revenue is recognized using percentage of completion method of accounting. The cumulative impact of any revision in estimates of the percentage of work completed is reflected in the year in which the change becomes known. Provisions for estimated losses on such engagements are made during the year in which a loss becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated. Amount received or billed in advance of services performed are recorded as unearned revenue. Unbilled services included in other current assets represents amount recognized based on services performed in advance of billing in accordance with contract terms. Revenue is reported net of discount / incentive.
Revenue from business process management arises from unit - priced contracts, time based contracts, cost based projects and engagement services. Such revenue is recognized on completion of the related services and is billed in accordance with the specific terms of the contract with the client.
Dividend income is recognized when right to receive is established.
Interest Income is recognized on time proportion basis.
Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title from the Company and is determined as the difference between the sales price and the then carrying value of the investment.
iv) Fixed Assets
Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation / amortization and impairment loss, if any. Cost includes all expenses incurred for acquisition of assets to bring these to working conditions for intended use.
v) Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization on fixed assets is provided on straight-line method based on the estimated useful lives of the assets as determined by the management based on the expert technical advice/stipulations of schedule II to the Act.
Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision is made for diminution in the value of long term investments, if such diminution is other than temporary. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower.
vii) Foreign Currency Transaction / Translation Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rate of exchange in force at the time transactions are affected. Exchange differences arising on settlement of foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated using the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the Balance Sheet and the resulting net exchange difference is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
In respect of forward contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency exposure in respect of recognized monetary items, the premium or discount on such contracts is amortized over the life of the contract. The exchange difference measured by the change in exchange rate between the inception dates of the contract / last reporting date as the case may be and the balance sheet date is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Any gain / loss on cancellation of such forward contracts are recognized as income / expense of the year. Foreign Branches
In respect of the foreign branches, being integral foreign operations, all revenues and expenses during the year are reported at average rate prevailing during the year. Monetary assets and liabilities are restated at the year-end exchange rate. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are stated at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Balance in ''''head office’ account whether debit or credit is translated at the amount of the balance in the ''''foreign branch’ account in the books of the head office. Net gain / loss on foreign currency translation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
viii) Derivative instruments and hedge accounting The Company enters into foreign currency forward contracts and currency options contracts to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency fluctuations relating to highly probable forecast transactions. The Company designates these instruments as cash flow hedges applying the recognition and measurement principles set out in the
Accounting Standard (AS) 30 "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement". These instruments are initially measured at fair value and are re-measured at subsequent reporting dates. Accordingly, the Company records the cumulative gain or loss on effective cash flow hedges in the Hedging Reserve account until the forecasted transaction materializes. Gain or loss on ineffective cash flow hedges is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognized in hedging reserve is transferred to the Statement of Profit and Loss.
ix) Employee Benefits
i. Post-employment benefits and other long term benefit plans:
Payments to defined contribution schemes are expensed as incurred. For defined benefit schemes and other long term benefit plans, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortized on a straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit liability recognized in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognized past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the lower of the amount determined as the defined benefit liability and the present value of available refunds and /or reduction in future contributions to the scheme.
ii. Short term employee benefits:
The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognized as an expense during the year when the employee renders those services. These benefits include compensated absences such as leave expected to be availed within a year and bonus payable.
x) Borrowing costs
Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.
i. Finance Lease
Assets taken on finance lease are accounted for as fixed assets at lower of present value of the minimum lease payments and the fair value and a liability is recognized for an equivalent amount. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charge and reduction in outstanding liability.
ii. Operating Leases
Assets taken on lease under which all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as expenses on straight line basis over the lease term.
xii) Taxes on Income
Income Taxes are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS 22) on "Accounting for Taxes on Income". Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid or recovered from the tax authorities using the applicable tax rates. Deferred taxes are recognized for future tax consequence attributable to timing difference between taxable income and accounting income, measured at relevant enacted / substantively enacted tax rates. In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize such assets. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.
Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) credit entitlement is recognized in accordance with the Guidance Note on "Accounting for credit available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961" issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI). MAT credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will be able to adjust against the normal income tax during the specified period. At each balance sheet date, the Company reassesses MAT credit assets and adjusts the same, where required.
Advance taxes paid and provisions for current income taxes are presented net in the balance sheet if arising in the same tax jurisdiction and where the entity intends to settle the asset and liability on a net basis.
xiii) Impairment of assets
An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.
xiv) Share based compensation
The compensation cost of stock options / Restricted Stock Units (RSU) granted to employees of the Company and its subsidiaries is measured using intrinsic value method for the grants made before 1st April, 2015 and for the subsequent grants the same is measured using fair value method being the recommended method of valuation by the Guidance note on Accounting for Employee Share Based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The Compensation cost is amortized over the vesting period of the options.
xv) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent assets
Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when as a result of past events there is a present obligation that can be estimated reliably and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized, but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.
xvi) Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents comprise of cash, current account balances and demand deposit with banks and financial institutions.