1. significant accounting policies: -A. Basis of preparation
a) These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable Accounting Standards prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (''''Act'''') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, the provisions of the Act (to the extent notified) and other accounting principles generally accepted in India, to the extent applicable.
All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or noncurrent as per the Company''''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalent, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle to be 5 years for the purpose of current- noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities.
b) Use of estimates
The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities as on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.
B. Fixed assets
a) Tangible assets
Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction, net of recoverable taxes, trade discounts, rebates, depreciation accumulated and accumulated impairment losses. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets are capitalized and includes borrowing costs relating to borrowed funds attributable to construction or acquisition of fixed assets, up to the date the asset is put to use.
Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realizable value and are shown separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
Losses arising from the retirement of and gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use are shown as Capital Work-in-Progress.
b) Intangible assets
Intangible assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives.
Gains or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of the asset are recognized as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
C. Method of depreciation and amortization
Depreciation is provided on a pro-rata basis on the straight line method over the useful lives as prescribed under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 with the exception of the following
Based on an independent technical evaluation, the useful life of Mobile Phones has been estimated as 3 years, which is different from that prescribed in Schedule II of the Act.
Investments that are readily realizable and are intended to be held for not more than a year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments and are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis whereas all other investments are classified as long-term investments and are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in value of long term investment is made to recognize a decline other than temporary as specified in Accounting Standard (AS 13) on "Accounting for Investments".
Inventories are valued as follows:
Inventory comprises of completed property for sale, transferable development rights, F.S.I. and projects in progress.
(i) Completed property for sale and transferable development rights are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost formulae used are ''''First-in-First-out''''. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, acquisition of tenancy rights, materials, services, borrowing costs and other related overheads as the case may be.
(ii) Projects in progress are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost formulae used are ''''First-in-First-out''''. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, materials, services, borrowing costs, acquisition of tenancy rights and other related overheads. Cost incurred / items purchased specifically for projects are taken as consumed as and when incurred / received.
Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.
(iii) In the case of acquisition of land for development and construction, the rights are acquired from the owners of the land and the conveyance and registration thereof will be executed between the original owners and the ultimate purchasers as per trade practice. As a result, in the intermediate period, generally, the land is not registered in the name of the Company.
F. Revenue recognition
Revenue from the projects is recognized by applying Percentage of Completion Method in compliance of Guidance Note on Accounting for Real Estate Transaction (Revised 2012) issued by the Institute of the Chartered Accountants of India. However, for the ongoing projects as on the date of introduction of Guidance Note on Accounting for Real Estate Transaction (Revised 2012) and also where Company has already commenced the recognisation of the revenue from the projects, the Company follows completed project method of accounting ("Project Completion Method of Accounting") where in allocable expenses incurred during the year are debited to work-in-progress account and the income is accounted for as and when the projects get completed or substantially completed and also the revenue is recognized to the extent it is probable and the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.
a) Sale: -
i) Unit in real estate: -
Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the units in real estate have passed to the buyer.
ii) Sale / trading of goods and materials : -
Sales are recognized when goods are supplied and are recorded net of returns, trade discounts, rebates and indirect taxes.
b) Rent: -
Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.
c) Interest: -
i) Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.
ii) Interest due on delayed payments by customers is accounted for on receipts basis due to uncertainty of recovery of the same.
d) Dividends: -
Revenue is recognized when the shareholders'''' right to receive payment is established by the Balance Sheet date.
e) Share of profit from joint ventures:-
Share of profit/(loss) from partnership firms is accounted for in respect of the financial year ending on or before the Balance Sheet date.
f) Profit on sale of investment: -
It is recognized on its liquidation / redemption.
G. Employees benefits
a) Defined Contribution Plans such as Provident Fund etc., are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.
b) Defined Benefit Plans - The present value of the obligation under such plan, is determined based on an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses arising on such valuation are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. In case of funded defined benefit plans, the fair value of the plan assets is reduced from the gross obligation under the defined benefit plans, to recognize the obligation on net basis. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any.
c) Other Long term Employee Benefits are recognized in the same manner as Defined Benefit Plans.
d) Termination benefits are recognized as and when incurred.
H. Borrowing cost
Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset (including real estate projects) are considered as part of the cost of the qualifying asset. Other borrowing costs are treated as period costs and charged to Statement of Profit and Loss as and when they are incurred.
I. Foreign currency transactions
a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.
b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the yearend are restated at the yearend rates.
c) Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.
d) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
a) As a lessor
Lease income is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Recurring costs are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
b) As a lessee
Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership during the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.
(i) The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date when required to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amounts, and where carrying values exceed this estimated recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amount.
(ii) After impairment, depreciation is provided on the assets revised carrying amount over its remaining useful life.
(iii) A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or decreased depending on change in circumstances. However, an impairment loss is not decreased to an amount higher than the carrying amount that would have been determined has no impairment loss been recognized.
L. Income taxes
a) Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax charge or credit. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.
b) Deferred income tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.
c) At each Balance Sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.
M. segment reporting policies
The main business of the Company is real estate development and construction of residential and commercial properties, infrastructure facilities and all other related activities revolve around the main business and as such there are no separate reportable segments as specified in Accounting Standard (AS - 17) on "Segment Reporting".
N. Earnings per share
Basic earnings per equity share are calculated by dividing the net profit / (loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting attributable taxes) by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for event of fresh issue of shares to the public.
For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per equity share, the net profit or (loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.
o. provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets
A provision is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made to settle the amount of obligation. Provision is not discounted to its present value and is determined based on the last estimate required to settle the obligation at the year end. These are reviewed at each year end and adjusted to reflect the best current estimate. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but disclosed in the financial statements. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.