Colgate-Palmolive (India) Limited is a subsidiary of Colgate-Palmolive, USA and a listed Company in India. The Company was incorporated on September 23, 1937. The Company is engaged in manufacturing/trading of toothpaste, tooth powder, toothbrush, mouth wash and personal care products.
These financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2017 were approved by the Board of Directors on May 15, 2017.
IB. Significant Accounting Policies:
The principal accounting policies applied in the preparation of these financial statements are set out below. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated.
2. Critical accounting estimates and judgments
The preparation of financial statements requires the use of accounting estimates which, by definition, will seldom equal the actual results. This note provides an overview of the areas that involved a higher degree of judgment or complexity, and of items which are more likely to be materially adjusted due to estimates and assumptions turning out to be different than those originally assessed. Detailed information about each of these estimates and judgments is included in relevant notes together with information about the basis of calculation for each affected line item in the financial statements.
The areas involving critical estimates or judgments are:
- Estimation of defined benefit obligation (Note 29)
- Estimation of Useful life of Property, plant and equipment and intangibles (Note 3)
- Estimation of taxes (Note 20 and 31)
- Estimation of impairment of trade receivables (Note 10)
- Estimation of provision and contingent liabilities (Note 25 and 32)
- Estimation of Share based payments to employees (Note 37)
Estimates and judgments are continually evaluated. They are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that may have a financial impact on the group and that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.
2A. Recent accounting pronouncements:
Standards issued but not yet effective
In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017, notifying amendments to Ind AS 7, ‘Statement of Cash Flows’ and Ind AS 102, ‘Share-based payment.’ These amendments are in accordance with the recent amendments made by International Accounting Standards Board (IaSb) to IAS 7, ‘Statement of Cash Flows’ and IFRS 2, ‘Share-based payment,’ respectively. The amendments are applicable to the Company from April 1, 2017.
Amendment to Ind AS 7:
The amendment to Ind AS 7 requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and non-cash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the balance sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement.
The Company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and the effect on the financial statements is being evaluated.
Amendment to Ind AS 102:
The amendment to Ind AS 102 provides specific guidance to measurement of cash-settled awards, modification of cash-settled awards and awards that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes.
It clarifies that the fair value of cash-settled awards is determined on a basis consistent with that used for equity-settled awards. Market-based performance conditions and non-vesting conditions are reflected in the ‘fair values’, but non-market performance conditions and service vesting conditions are reflected in the estimate of the number of awards expected to vest. Also, the amendment clarifies that if the terms and conditions of a cash-settled share-based payment transaction are modified with the result that it becomes an equity-settled share-based payment transaction, the transaction is accounted for as such from the date of the modification. Further, the amendment requires the award that includes a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes to be treated as equity-settled in its entirety. The cash payment to the tax authority is treated as if it was part of an equity settlement.
The Company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and the impact on the financial statements is being evaluated.
Note 3: Segment Information
Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) of the Company. The CODM, who is responsible for allocating resources and assessing performance of the operating segments, has been identified as the Managing Director and Finance Director of the Company. The Company operates only in one Business Segment i.e. ‘Personal Care (including Oral Care)’ which primarily includes products such as Soaps, Cosmetics and Toilet Preparations and the activities incidental thereto within India, hence does not have any reportable Segments as per Ind AS 108 “Operating Segments”. The performance of the Company is mainly driven by sales made locally and hence, no separate geographical segment is identified.
Note 4 - Share Based Payments
(a) Employee option plan
The Company does not provide any equity-based compensation to its employees. However, the parent company, Colgate-Palmolive Company, U.S.A. (“the grantor”) maintains equity incentive plans that provide for the grant of stock-based awards to its executive directors and certain categories of officers and employees. The Parent’s Incentive Plan provides for the grant of non-qualified and incentive stock options, as well as restricted stock units. Exercise prices in the case of non-qualified and incentive stock options are not less than the fair value of the underlying common stock on the date of grant.
A stock option gives an employee, the right to purchase shares of Colgate-Palmolive Company common stock at a fixed price for a specific period of time. Stock options generally have a term of six years from the date of grant and vest over three years.
A restricted stock unit provides an employee with a share of Colgate-Palmolive Company common stock upon vesting. Restricted stock units vest generally over a period of three years. Dividends will accrue with each restricted stock unit award granted subsequent to grant date.
Fair Value of options granted
The fair value at the grant date of options granted during the year ended March 31, 2017 was Rs.542.70 per option (March 31, 2016 : Rs.465.45 per option). The fair value at grant date is determined using the Black-Scholes Model which takes into account the exercise price, expected volatility, option’s life, the share price at grant date, expected price volatility of the underlying share, the expected dividend yield and the risk free interest rate for the term of the option.
The risk free interest rates are determined based on the zero-coupon sovereign bond yields with maturity equal to the expected term of the option. The expected volatility was determined based on the volatility of the equity share for the period of one year prior to issue of the option. Volatility calculation is based on historical stock prices using standard deviation of daily change in stock price. The historical period is taken into account to match the expected life of the option. Dividend yield has been calculated taking into account expected rate of dividend on equity share price as on grant date.
(b) Restricted Stock Units (RSU’s)
(ii) Assets and Liabilities that are disclosed at Amortised Cost for which Fair values are disclosed are classified as Level 3.
If one or more of the significant inputs is not based on observable market data, the respective assets and liabilities are considered under Level 3.
Note 5: Financial Risk Management
Inherent to the nature of the Company’s business are a variety of financial risks, namely liquidity risk, market risk and credit risk. Developing policies and processes to assess, monitor, manage and address these risks is the responsibility of the Company’s Management. The Risk Management Committee oversees this risk management framework in the Company and intervenes as necessary to ensure there exists an appropriate level of safeguards against the key risks. Updates on compliance, exceptions and mitigating action are placed before the Audit Committee periodically. Risk management policies and systems are reviewed regularly to reflect changes like major changes in ERP systems or go to market model, changes in organization structure, events denoting material change in the risk environment, etc.
The Company’s Management works closely with its Treasury department and Internal Audit department to ensure there are appropriate policies and procedures governing the operations of the Company with a view to providing assurance that there is visibility into financial risks and that the business is being run in conformity with the stated risk objectives. Periodic reviews with concerned stakeholders provides an insight into risks to the business associated with currency movements, credit risks, commodity price fluctuations, etc. and necessary deliberations are undertaken to ensure there is an appropriate response to the developments.
The Company follows a conservative policy of ensuring sufficient liquidity at all times through a strategy of profitable growth, efficient working capital management as well as prudent capital expenditure and dividend policies. The Company has a overdraft facility with banks to support any temporary funding requirements. The Company is cognizant of reputational risks that are associated with the liquidity risk and the risk is factored into the overall business strategy.
The Company’s treasury department regularly monitors the rolling forecasts to ensure it has sufficient cash on an on-going basis to meet operational needs. Any short term surplus cash generated by the operating entities, over and above the amount required for working capital management and other operational requirements, is retained as cash and cash equivalents (to the extent required) and any excess is invested in interest bearing term deposits and debt investments with appropriate maturities to optimise the cash returns on investments while ensuring sufficient liquidity to meet its liabilities.
As at March 31, 2017, the Company had undrawn letter of credit facilities in aggregate of Rs.1,98.90 Lacs (March 31, 2016: Rs.10,97.66 Lacs, April 1, 2015: Rs.1,35.88 Lacs) with a 90 days term. As part of the regular annual process the Company’s intention is that these facilities will again be renewed in financial year 2017-18.
The following table shows the maturity analysis of the Company’s financial liabilities based on contractually agreed undiscounted cash flows as at the Balance Sheet date.
The Company’s size and operations result in it being exposed to the following market risks that arise from its use of financial instruments:
- currency risk;
- commodity price risk;
The above risks may affect the Company’s income and expenses, or the value of its financial instruments. The objective of the Company’s Management of market risk is to maintain this risk within acceptable parameters, while optimising returns. The Company’s exposure to, and management of, these risks is explained below.
Credit risk is the risk of financial loss to the Company if a customer or other counter-party fails to meet its contractual obligations.
Trade receivables are subject to credit limits, controls and approval processes. A majority of customers pay prior to shipment, thereby reducing exposure to trade receivables significantly. Due to a large customer base, the Company is not exposed to material concentration of credit risk. Basis the historical experience supported by the level of default, the credit risk in case of trade receivable is low and so trade receivables are considered to be a single class of financial assets. Basis of provision for doubtful receivables is dependent on the customer ageing, customer category and historical experience of the Company.
The gross carrying amount of trade receivables is Rs.134,80.56 Lacs as at March 31, 2017 and Rs.107,81.62 Lacs as at March 31, 2016
Other financial assets
The Company maintains exposure in cash and cash equivalents, term deposits with banks and investments in debt instruments. The Company has concentrated its main investment activities with a limited number of counter-parties which have secure credit ratings, to reduce this risk. Individual risk limits are set for each counter-party based on financial position, credit rating and past experience. Credit limits and concentration of exposures are actively monitored by the Company’s Treasury department.
The Company’s maximum exposure to credit risk as at March 31, 2017, March 31, 2016 and April 01, 2015 is the carrying value of each class of financial assets as disclosed in Note 38(iii).
Note 6: Capital Management
The Company’s objective in managing its capital is to safeguard its ability to continue as a going concern and to optimise returns to our shareholders. The Company considers the following components of its Balance Sheet to be managed capital:
1) Share Capital, 2) Share Premium and 3) Other Reserves comprising of General Reserve and Retained Earnings.
The Company’s capital structure is based on the Managements assessment of the balances of key elements to ensure strategic decisions and day to day activities. The capital structure of the Company is managed with a view of the overall macro economic conditions and the risk characteristics of the underlying assets.
The Company’s policy is to maintain a strong capital structure with a focus to mitigate all existing and potential risks to the Company, maintain shareholder, vendor and market confidence and sustain continuous growth and development of the Company.
The Company’s focus is on keeping a strong total equity base to ensure independence, security, as well as high financial flexibility without impacting the risk profile of the Company.
In order, to maintain or adjust the capital structure, the Company will take appropriate steps as may be necessary. The Company does not have any debt or financial convenants.
Note 7: First-time adoption of Ind AS
Transition to Ind AS
These are the Company’s first financial statements prepared in accordance with Ind AS.
The accounting policies set out in Note 1 have been applied in preparing the financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2017, the comparative information presented in these financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2016 and in the preparation of an opening Ind AS balance sheet at April 1, 2015 (the Company’s date of transition). In preparing its opening Ind AS balance sheet, the Company has adjusted the amounts reported previously in financial statements prepared in accordance with the accounting standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Act (“previous GAAP or IGAAP”). An explanation of how the transition from IGAAP to Ind AS has affected the Company’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows is set out in the following tables and notes.
A. Exemptions and exceptions availed
In preparing these Ind AS financial statements, the Company has availed certain optional exemptions and mandatory exceptions in accordance with Ind AS 101 from IGAAP to Ind AS, as explained below. The resulting difference between the carrying values of the assets and liabilities in the financial statements as at the transition date under Ind AS and IGAAP have been recognised directly in equity (retained earnings or another appropriate category of equity). This note explains the adjustments made by the Company in restating its IGAAP financial statements, including the Balance Sheet as at April 1, 2015 and the financial statements as at and for the year ended March 31, 2016.
A1. Ind AS optional exemptions
(a) Deemed cost for property, plant and equipment and intangible assets
Ind AS 101 permits a first-time adopter to elect to continue with the carrying value for all of its property, plant and equipment as recognised in the financial statements as at the date of transition to Ind AS, measured as per the IGAAP and use that as its deemed cost as at the date of transition. This exemption can also be used for intangible assets covered by Ind AS 38 ‘Intangible Assets’ and Investment property covered by Ind AS 40 ‘Investment Properties’. Accordingly, the Company has elected to measure all of its property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and investment property at their IGAAP carrying value.
Appendix C to Ind AS 17 requires an entity to assess whether a contract or arrangement contains a lease. In accordance with Ind AS 17, this assessment should be carried out at the inception of the contract or arrangement. Ind AS 101 provides an option to make this assessment on the basis of facts and circumstances existing at the date of transition to Ind AS, except where the effect is expected to be not material. The Company has elected to apply this exemption for such contracts/arrangements.
(c) Share-based payment transactions
Ind AS 101 permits a first-time adopter to not apply Ind AS 102 ‘Share-based payment’ to equity instruments that vested before date of transition to Ind ASs. The Company has elected to apply this exemption for such arrangements.
(d) Business Combinations
Ind AS 101 provides the option to apply Ind AS 103 prospectively from the transition date or from a specific date prior to the transition date. This provides relief from full retrospective application that would require restatement of all business combinations prior to the transition date.
The Company has elected to apply Ind AS 103 prospectively to business combinations occurring after its transition date. Business combinations occurring prior to the transition date have not been restated.
A2. Ind AS mandatory exceptions
An entity’s estimates in accordance with Ind ASs at the date of transition to Ind AS shall be consistent with estimates made for the same date in accordance with IGAAP (after adjustments to reflect any difference in accounting policies), unless there is objective evidence that those estimates were in error. Ind AS estimates as at April 1, 2015 are consistent with the estimates as at the same date made in conformity with IGAAP. The Company made estimates for Impairment of financial assets based on expected credit loss model and fair value of the investment property in accordance with Ind AS at the date of transition as these were not required under IGAAP.
(b) Classification and measurement of financial assets
Ind AS 101 requires an entity to assess classification and measurement of financial assets (debt instruments) on the basis of the facts and circumstances that exist at the date of transition to Ind AS. Consequently, the Company has applied the above assessment based on facts and circumstances exist at the transition date.
(c) Derecognition of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities
Ind AS 101 requires a first-time adopter to apply the de-recognition provisions of Ind AS 109 prospectively for transactions occurring on or after the date of transition to Ind AS. However, Ind AS 101 allows a first-time adopter to apply the de-recognition requirement provided that the information needed to apply Ind AS 109 to financial assets and financial liabilities derecognised as a result of past transactions was obtained at the time of initially accounting for those transactions. The Company has elected to apply the derecognition provisions of Ind AS 109 prospectively from the date of transition to Ind AS.
B. Reconciliations between IGAAP and Ind AS
Ind AS 101 requires an entity to reconcile equity, total comprehensive income and cash flows for prior periods. The following tables represent the reconciliations from IGAAP to Ind AS.
The presentation requirements under IGAAP differs from Ind AS and hence the IGAAP information has been reclassified for ease of reconciliation with Ind AS. The reclassified IGAAP information is derived based on the audited financial statements of the Company for the year ended March 31, 2015 and March 31, 2016.
Notes to the Reconciliations Note 1: Security Deposits
Under the IGAAP, interest free lease deposits (that are refundable in cash on completion of the lease term) are recorded at their transaction value. Under Ind AS, all financial assets are required to be recognised at fair value. Accordingly, the Company has fair valued these security deposits under Ind AS. Difference between the fair value and transaction value of the security deposit has been recognised as prepaid expense. Consequent to this change, the amount of security deposits decreased by Rs.7,37.45 Lacs as at March 31, 2016 (April 1, 2015 : Rs.7,35.65 Lacs). The prepaid expenses increased by Rs.6,89.79 Lacs as at March 31, 2016 (April 1, 2015 : Rs.7,14.67 Lacs). Total equity decreased by Rs.20.98 Lacs as on April 1, 2015. The profit for the year and total equity as at March 31, 2016 decreased by Rs.26.68 Lacs due to amortisation of the prepaid expenses of Rs.1,76.08 Lacs which is partially off-set by the notional interest income of Rs.1,49.40 Lacs recognised on security deposits.
Note 2: Employee stock option plan
Under the IGAAP, the cost of equity-settled employee share-based plan were recognised using the intrinsic value method. Under Ind AS, the cost of equity settled share-based plan is recognised based on the fair value of the options as at the grant date. Consequently, the amount recognised in share option outstanding account as at March 31, 2016 is Rs.11,40.33 Lacs (April 1, 2015 : Rs.15,63.00 Lacs). The profit for the year ended March 31, 2016 increased by Rs.5,58.19 Lacs and the total equity has increased by Rs.5,58.19 Lacs.
Note 3: Remeasurements of post-employment benefit obligations
Under Ind AS, remeasurements i.e. actuarial gains and losses and the return on plan assets, excluding amounts included in the net interest expense on the net defined benefit liability are recognised in other comprehensive income instead of the Statement of Profit and Loss. Under the IGAAP, these remeasurements were forming part of the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year. As a result of this change, the profit for the year ended March 31, 2016 increased by Rs.1,81.72 Lacs. There is no impact on the total equity as at March 31, 2016.
Note 4: Excise Duty
Under the IGAAP, revenue from sale of products was presented exclusive of excise duty. Under Ind AS, revenue from sale of goods is presented inclusive of excise duty. The excise duty paid is presented on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss as part of expenses. This change has resulted in an increase in total revenue and total expenses for the year ended March 31, 2016 by Rs.480,92.02 Lacs. There is no impact on the total equity and profit.
Note 5: Deferred Tax
Under Ind AS deferred tax has been recognised on the adjustments made on transition to Ind AS. Leasehold land is a non-depreciable asset, Management is expecting that its carrying value will be recovered through sale and the indexation benefit at the time of disposal will be available, accordingly deferred tax asset on the difference between carrying value and indexed value has been created.
Note 6: Revenue related Adjustments
Company runs various promotional programmes for retailer, wholeseller and stockist. The Company estimates the fair value of those incentives/benefits given to the customer and reduce it from total sales consideration to record revenue on net basis. This change has resulted in a decrease in total revenue and decrease in total expenses for the year ended March 31, 2016 by Rs.294,09.64 Lacs. There is no impact on the total equity and profit.
Note 7: Retained Earnings
Retained earnings as at April 1, 2015 has been adjusted consequent to the above Ind AS transition adjustments. Note 8: Other comprehensive income
Under Ind AS, all items of income and expense recognised in a period should be included in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period, unless a standard requires or permits otherwise. Items of income and expense that are not recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss but are shown in the Statement of Profit and Loss as ‘Other comprehensive income’ includes remeasurements of defined benefit plans. The concept of other comprehensive income did not exist under IGAAP.
The Company has certain dues to suppliers registered under Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 (‘MSMED Act’). The disclosures pursuant to the said MSMED Act are as follows:
The Shareholders of the Company through a postal ballot had approved the issue of bonus equity shares in the ratio of 1:1 by capitalization of general reserves. Accordingly, on September 28, 2015, the Company allotted 13,59,92,817 bonus equity shares of Rs.1/- each fully paid-up to the existing shareholders as on the record date. The paid up share capital of the Company stands increased from Rs.13,60 Lacs to Rs.27,20 Lacs.
On April 29, 2015, the Company had announced a Voluntary Retirement Scheme (VRS) for the employees at the toothpowder manufacturing facility at Waluj, Aurangabad, Maharashtra. The scheme was accepted on May 04, 2015 by all affected employees. Post acceptance of the offer by all the workmen under the said Scheme, the toothpowder manufacturing operations at the Aurangabad factory were discontinued effective May 05, 2015. Exceptional items for the year ended March 31, 2016 comprise of VRS expenses of Rs.29,25.54 Lacs and other expenses of Rs.2,08.93 Lacs pertaining to the discontinuance of the operations at the Aurangabad Factory. Assets pertaining to Aurangabad Factory have been disclosed as Assets held for sale [Refer Note 15]. The Company is making progress in this matter by continuously engaging with the authorities in order to effect transfer of rights in respect of the aforesaid property.