1 COMPANY OVERVIEW
Datamatics Global Services Limited (DGSL) was incorporated on November 3, 1987 as Interface Software Resources Private Limited. The name of the Company was changed to Datamatics Technologies Private Limited on December 18, 1992. On December 27, 1999, the Company converted itself from a Private Limited Company into a Public Limited Company and the name of the Company was changed to Datamatics Technologies Limited on January 13, 2000. The name of the Company was changed from “Datamatics Technologies Limited” to “Datamatics Global Services Limited” (DGSL) with effect from January 17, 2009. The Company is incorporated in Maharashtra, India and is listed on Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange (NSE) in India.
DGSL, a trusted partner to several Fortune 500 Companies is a global provider of Information Technology (IT) and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) and Consulting services. The Company provides business aligned next-generation solutions to a wide range of industry verticals that help enterprises across the world overcome their business challenges and achieve operational efficiencies. These solutions leverage innovations in technology, knowledge of business processes and domain expertise to provide clients a competitive edge.
2 SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
I. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:
These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Pinciples (GAAP) on the basis of going concern concept and under the historical cost convention except for certain fixed assets which are revalued. The Company adopts accrual basis in preparation of its financial statements to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards as specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (“the 2013 Act”) / Companies Act, 1956 (“the 1956 Act”), as applicable. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year, unless otherwise mentioned in the notes.
II. Use of Estimates:
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of the assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.
III. Revenue Recognition:
Revenue from services is recognized based on time and material and billed to the clients as per the terms of the contract. In the case of fixed price contracts, revenue is recognized on periodical basis based on units executed and delivered.
Revenue / Income from sale of traded goods is recognized on dispatch of goods. Sales are exclusive of taxes, wherever applicable.
Interest on deployment of funds is recognized on accrual basis. Dividend income is recognized when right to receive dividend is established. Profit on sale of investment is recognized on sale of investments.
Revenue from software development on a time and material basis is recognized based on software developed and billed on clients as per the terms of specific contracts.
Cost and earnings in excess of billings are classified as unbilled revenue while billings in excess of cost and earnings are classified as unearned revenue. Discount is recognized on cash basis in accordance with the contractual term of the agreement with the customers.
IV. Tangible assets, Intangible assets and Capital work-in-progress:
Fixed Assets are valued at cost, except for certain fixed assets which have been stated at revalued amounts as determined by approved independent value, after reducing accumulated depreciation until the date of the balance sheet. Direct Costs are capitalized until the assets are ready to use and include financing costs relating to any specific
borrowing attributable to the acquisition of fixed assets. Intangible assets are recognized, only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably. The intangible assets are recorded at cost and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Capital work-in-progress includes assets not put to use before the year end.
V. Depreciation and Amortization:
Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is provided on the Straight Line Method except for leasehold and freehold land as per the useful life and in the manner prescribed in Schedule II to Companies Act, 2013. (Refer Note no. 48). Intangible assets including internally developed intangible assets are amortized over a period of three years for which the Company expects the benefits to accrue. Non-Compete fees and copyrights are amortized over a period of five years. Goodwill generated on account of amalgamation is amortized over a period of five years. Leasehold Premises is amortized on the Straight Line Method over the period of the 30 years.
VI. Valuation of Inventories:
Inventory, if any, is valued at cost (arrived on FIFO basis) or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Custom Duty on the goods where title has passed to the Company is included in the value of inventory.
Investments classified as long-term investments are stated at cost. Provision is made to recognize any diminution, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value of each investment.
VIII. Employee Benefits:
(i) Defined Contribution Plan
Contribution to defined contribution plans are recognized as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss, as they are incurred.
(ii) Defined Benefit Plan
Company''''s liabilities towards gratuity and leave encashment are determined using the projected unit credit method as at Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains / losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation.
IX. Foreign Exchange Transactions:
(i) Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing at the date of the transactions.
(ii) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the balance sheet date are translated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in a foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of transaction.
(iii) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation at the balance sheet date is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which it arises.
X. Derivative Instruments and Hedge Accounting:
The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to hedge it''''s risks associated with foreign currency fluctuations relating to certain firm commitments and forecasted transactions. Such forward contracts are utilized against the inflow of funds under firm commitments. The Company does not use the forward contract for speculative purposes. The Company designates these hedging instruments as cash flow hedge. The use of hedging instruments is governed by the Company''''s policies approved by the Board of Directors, which provide written principles on the use of such financial derivatives consistent with the Company''''s risk management strategy.
Hedging instruments are initially measured at fair value and are premeasured at subsequent reporting dates. Changes in the fair value of these derivatives that are designated and effective as hedges of future cash flows are recognized directly in Shareholders'''' Funds and the ineffective portion is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
Changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss as they arise.
The fair value of derivative financial instruments is determined based on observable market inputs including currency spot and forward rates, yield curves, currency volatility etc.
Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated or exercised or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. At that time for forecasted transactions, any cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognized in Shareholders'''' Funds is retained until the forecasted transaction occurs. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognized in Shareholders'''' Funds is transferred to the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period.
Lease under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as Finance Leases. The leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased items, are classified as operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
Current Income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India. Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provision of Income Tax Act, 1961.
The Company comprises of business units established under the Software Technology Park Scheme and Special Economic Zones Act. These units enjoy a tax holiday as per rules framed under the above schemes and as per the Income-tax Act, 1961.
Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefit in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period.
The difference that results between the profit considered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements are identified and thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability is recorded for timing differences, namely the difference that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another based on the tax effect of the aggregate amount being considered. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of accounting period based on prevailing enacted or substantially enacted regulations. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is reasonable certainty that they will be realized and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.
Deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of tax losses are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realized.
XIII. Borrowing Cost:
Borrowing costs, which are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of the assets. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred.
XIV. Cash Flow Statement:
Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.
XV. Earnings per Share:
In determining Earnings per Share, the Company considers the net profit after tax after reducing the preference dividend and tax thereon and includes the post-tax effect of any extra-ordinary items. The number of shares used in computing basic Earnings per Share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted Earnings per Share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic Earnings per Share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.
XVI. Employee Stock Option Scheme:
Employee Compensation in the form of stock options granted under various schemes are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss, based on Intrinsic value method, over the vesting period.
XVII. Impairment of Assets:
The carrying value of assets is reviewed for impairment, when events or changes in circumstance indicate that the carrying values may not be recoverable. In addition, at each balance sheet date, the Company assesses whether there is any indication that an assets may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the asset''''s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and Value-in-use. In assessing Value-in-use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.
XVIII. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:
The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.
Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect current best estimates.
Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed.
XIX. Cash and Cash Equivalents:
The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from date of purchase to be cash equivalents.
XX. Segment Reporting:
Primary segment is identified based on the nature of products and services, the different risks and returns and the internal business reporting system. Secondary segment is identified based on geographical area in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.
XXI. Prior period adjustments, extra-ordinary items and changes in accounting policies:
Prior period adjustments, extra-ordinary items and changes in accounting policies, if any, having material impact on the financial affairs of the Company are disclosed.