Summary of significant accounting policies followed by the Company
1A GENERAL INFORMATION
The Company (“Bajaj Electricals Limited”, “BEL”) is an existing public limited company incorporated on 14th July 1938 under the provisions of the Indian Companies Act, 1913 and deemed to exist within the purview of the Companies Act, 2013, having its registered office at 45/47, Veer Nariman Road, Mumbai-400 001. The Company offers a diverse range of products and services including sales, distribution and marketing of electrical appliances, manufacture of fans and high masts, poles and towers and products relating to industrial, commercial, and domestic lighting, undertakes turnkey, commercial and rural lighting projects, design, manufacture, erection and commissioning of high masts, poles and towers. The equity shares of the Company are listed on BSE Limited (“BSE”) and National Stock Exchange of India Limited (“NSE”). The financial statements are presented in Indian Rupee (?).
1B SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
This note provides a list of the significant accounting policies adopted in the preparation of these financial statements. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated.
1 Basis of preparation
The financial statements comply in all material aspects with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the “Act”) [Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015] and other relevant provisions of the Act.
The financial statements up to year ended 31 March 2016 were prepared in accordance with the accounting standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Act. These financial statements are the first financial statements of the Company under Ind AS. Refer Note no. 1E on ‘First Time Adoption of Ind AS’ for an explanation of how the transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS has affected the Company’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows which is separately presented in the annual report.
The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on an accrual basis. The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, except in case of significant uncertainties and except for the following:
- certain financial assets and liabilities (including derivative instruments) that are measured at fair value;
- assets held for sale which are measured at lower of carrying value and fair value less cost to sell;
- defined benefit plans where plan assets are measured at fair value; and
- share-based payments at fair value as on the grant date of options given to employees.
Estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of the financial statements and disclosures are based upon management’s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements, which may differ from the actual results at a subsequent date. The critical estimates and judgments are presented in detail in the annual report in Note no. 1D.
All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company’s normal operating cycle. An operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash or cash equivalents. As set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013, the normal operating cycle cannot be identified for the Company and hence it is assumed to have a duration of twelve months.
2 Revenue recognition :
Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Amounts disclosed as revenue are inclusive of excise duty and net of returns, trade allowances, rebates, value added taxes and amounts collected on behalf of third parties. The Company recognizes revenue when the amount of revenue can be reliably measured and it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the company.
(a) Domestic sales are recognized when significant risks and rewards are transferred to the buyer as per the contractual terms or on dispatch where such dispatch coincides with transfer of significant risks and rewards to the buyer.
(b) Export sales are recognized on the date of ship on board signifying transfer of rewards of ownership to the buyer as per terms of sale and initially recorded at the relevant exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction.
(2) Export incentives are accounted for on export of goods if the entitlements can be estimated with reasonable accuracy and conditions precedent to claim are fulfilled.
(3) Revenue from construction contracts is recognized based on the stage of completion determined with reference to the costs incurred on contracts and their estimated total costs. Provision for foreseeable losses/ construction contingencies on said contracts is made on the basis of technical assessments of costs to be incurred and revenue to be accounted for.
3 Other income :
(1) Interest income on financial asset is recognized using the effective interest rate method. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to the gross carrying amount of the financial asset. When calculating the effective interest rate, the Company estimates the expected cash flows by considering all the contractual terms of the financial instruments.
(2) Dividends are recognized in profit or loss only when the right to receive payment is established, it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the dividend will flow to the group, and the amount of the dividend can be measured reliably.
(3) Profit/Loss on sale of investment is recognized on the contract date.
(4) Others :
The Company recognizes other income (including rent, income from power generated, income from scrap sales, income from claims received, etc.) on accrual basis. However, where the ultimate collection ofthe same lacks reasonable certainty, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty.
4 Property, plant and equipment :
A) Transition to Ind AS
On transition to Ind AS, BEL has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its property, plant and equipment recognized as at 1 April 2015 measured as per the previous GAAP and used those carrying value as the deemed cost of the property, plant and equipment.
B) Asset class :
i) Freehold land is carried at historical cost including expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the land
ii) All other items of property, plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation. Historical cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items.
Hi) Capital goods manufactured by the Company for its own use are carried at their cost of production (including duties and other levies, if any) less accumulated depreciation.
iv) Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of any component accounted for as a separate asset is derecognized when replaced. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to profit or loss during the year in which they are incurred.
v) Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of property, plant and equipments which are carried at cost are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.
C) Depreciation :
i) Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method to allocate their cost, net of their residual values, over their estimated useful lives. Premium of Leasehold land and leasehold improvements cost are amortised over the primary period of lease.
ii) “100% depreciation is provided in the month of addition for:
a) All additions to fixed assets costing '''' 5,000 or less and
b) Temporary structure cost at project site”
iii) Where a significant component (in terms of cost) of an asset has an economic useful life different than that of it’s corresponding asset, the component is depreciated over it’s applicable life.
iv) Useful life of property, plant and equipment are determined by the management by internal technical assessments at each annual reporting date, except in case where such assessment suggests a life significantly different from those prescribed by Schedule II - Part “C”, where the useful life is as assessed and certified by a technical expert.
v) The company considers the residual value of no asset categories other than vehicles, for providing depreciation charge. The residual value on any other asset category other than vehicles is considered to be insignificant.
5 Intangible assets:
An intangible asset shall be recognized if, and only if:
(a) it is probable that the expected future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the Company; and
(b) the cost of the asset can be measured reliably.
Intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, from the date that they are available for use.
A) Asset class & depreciation:
Computer softwares I licenses are carried at historical cost. They have a finite useful life of 3 years and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses. Computer licenses which are purchased on annual subscription basis are expensed off in the year of purchase.
B) Transition to Ind AS
On transition to Ind AS, BEL has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its intangible assets recognized as at 1 April 2015 measured as per the previous GAAP and used those carrying value as the deemed cost of the property, plant and equipment.
Research and development:
Research & Development expenditure is charged to revenue under the natural heads of account in the year in which it is incurred. Payments for research work by either in-house or by outsourced agency are being expensed out up to the stage of completion. However, expenditure incurred at development phase (either In-house or outsourced), are recognized as intangible assets when the following criteria are met:
- it is technically feasible to complete the intangible asset under development so that it will be available for use.
- management intends to complete the intangible asset under development and use or sell it
- there is an ability to use or sell the intangible asset under development
- it can be demonstrated how the intangible asset under development will generate probable future economic benefits
- adequate technical, financial and other resources to complete the development and to use or sell the intangible asset under development are available, and
- the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset under development during its development can be reliably measured.
Directly attributable costs that are capitalized include employee costs and an appropriate portion of relevant overheads. Capitalized development costs are recorded as an intangible asset and amortized from the point at which the asset is available for use. Development costs previously recognized as an expense are not recognized as an asset in a subsequent period.
6 Impairment of assets:
The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An asset is impaired when the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash inflows which are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets (cash-generating units). Impairment loss is charged to the Profit & Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. An impairment loss recognized in the prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been change in the estimate of the recoverable amount.
7 Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations:
Non-current assets (or disposal groups) are classified as held for sale if their carrying amount will be recovered principally through a sale transaction rather than through continuing use and a sale is considered highly probable. They are measured at the lower of their carrying amount and fair value less costs to sell, except for assets such as deferred tax assets, assets arising from employee benefits, financial assets and contractual rights under insurance contracts, which are specifically exempt from this requirement.
An impairment loss is recognized for any initial or subsequent write-down of the asset (or disposal group) to fair value less costs to sell. A gain is recognized for any subsequent increases in fair value less costs to sell of an asset (or disposal group), but not in excess of any cumulative impairment loss previously recognized. A gain or loss not previously recognized by the date of the sale of the non-current asset (or disposal group) is recognized at the date of de-recognition.
Non-current assets (including those that are part of a disposal group) are not depreciated or amortized while they are classified as held for sale. Interest and other expenses attributable to the liabilities of a disposal group classified as held for sale continue to be recognized.
Non-current assets (including those that are part of a disposal group) classified as held for sale are presented separately from the other assets in the balance sheet. The liabilities of a disposal group classified as held for sale are presented separately from other liabilities in the balance sheet.
A discontinued operation is a component of the Company that has been disposed off or is classified as held for sale and that represents a separate major line of business or geographical area of operations, is part of a single co-ordinated plan to dispose of such a line of business or area of operations, or is a subsidiary acquired exclusively with a view to resale. The results of discontinued operations are presented separately in the statement of profit and loss.
8 Financial assets:
BEL classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories:
- those to be measured subsequently at fair value (either through other comprehensive income, or through profit or loss), and
- those measured at amortized cost.
The classification depends on the entity’s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flows.
For assets measured at fair value, gains and losses will either be recorded in profit or loss or other comprehensive income. For investments in debt instruments, this will depend on the business model in which the investment is held. For investments in equity instruments, this will depend on whether BEL has made an irrevocable election at the time of initial recognition to account for the equity investment at fair value through other comprehensive income.
BEL reclassifies debt investments when and only when its business model for managing those assets changes.
At initial recognition, the Company measures a financial asset at its fair value plus, in the case of a financial asset not at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in profit or loss.
Subsequent measurement of debt instruments depends on the Company’s business model for managing the asset and the cash flow characteristics of the asset. There are three measurement categories into which the BEL classifies its debt instruments:
- Amortized cost: Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortized cost. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at amortized cost and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognized in profit or loss when the asset is derecognized or impaired. Interest income from these financial assets is included in finance income using the effective interest rate method.
- Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI): Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows and for selling the financial assets, where the assets’ cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest, are measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI). Movements in the carrying amount are taken through OCI, except for the recognition of impairment gains or losses, interest revenue and foreign exchange gains and losses which are recognized in profit and loss. When the financial asset is derecognized, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in OCI is reclassified from equity to profit or loss and recognized in other gains/ (losses). Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income using the effective interest rate method.
- Fair value through profit or loss: Assets that do not meet the criteria for amortized cost or FVOCI are measured at fair value through profit or loss. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at fair value through profit or loss and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognized in profit or loss and presented net in the statement of profit and loss within other gains/(losses) in the period in which it arises. Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income.
BEL measures all equity investments at fair value through profit and loss or at fair value through other comprehensive income basis the irrevocable option available to it on share-by-share basis. Dividends from such investments are recognized in profit or loss as other income when BEL’s right to receive payments is established.
Changes in the fair value of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss are recognized in other gain/ (losses) in the statement of profit and loss. Impairment losses (and reversal of impairment losses) on equity investments measured at FVOCI are not reported separately from other changes in fair value.
C) Impairment of financial assets:
BEL assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its assets carried at amortized cost and FVOCI debt instruments. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk. For trade receivables only, BEL applies the simplified approach permitted by Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognized from initial recognition of the receivables.
D) Derecognition of financial assets:
A financial asset is derecognized only when
- BEL has transferred the rights to receive cash flows from the financial asset or
- retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial asset, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows to one or more recipients.
Where the entity has transferred an asset, the Company evaluates whether it has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset. In such cases, the financial asset is derecognized. Where the entity has not transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is not derecognized.
Where the entity has neither transferred a financial asset nor retains substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is derecognized if BEL has not retained control of the financial asset. Where BEL retains control of the financial asset, the asset is continued to be recognized to the extent of continuing involvement in the financial asset.
E) Derecognition of financial liabilities:
A financial liability (or a part of a financial liability) is derecognized from its balance sheet when, and only when, it is extinguished, ie when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged or cancelled or expired. In case the financial instruments are renegotiated or modified, the event is evaluated as to whether it is a modification or an extinguishment of the financial instrument.
The terms are substantially different if the discounted present value of the cash flows under the new terms, including any fees paid net of any fees received and discounted using the original effective interest rate, is at least 10 per cent different from the discounted present value of the remaining cash flows of the original financial liability.
If an exchange of debt instruments or modification of terms is accounted for as an extinguishment, any costs or fees incurred are recognized as part of the gain or loss on the extinguishment. If the exchange or modification is not accounted for as an extinguishment, any costs or fees incurred adjust the carrying amount of the liability and are amortized over the remaining term of the modified liability.
The difference between the carrying amount of a financial liability (or part of a financial liability) extinguished or transferred to another party and the consideration paid, including any non-cash assets transferred or liabilities assumed, shall be recognized in profit or loss.
9 Cash and cash equivalents:
For the purpose of presentation in the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, other short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.
10 Trade receivables
Trade receivables are recognized initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method, less provision for impairment.
11 Trade and other payables
These amounts represent liabilities for goods and services provided to BEL prior to the end of financial year which are unpaid. They are recognized initially at their fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.
12 Intra group financial guarantees
Financial guarantee contracts are recognized as a financial liability at the time the guarantee is issued. The liability is initially measured at fair value and subsequently at the higher of the amount determined in accordance with Ind AS 37 (Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets) or the amount initially recognized less cumulative amortization, where appropriate.
The fair value of financial guarantees is determined as the present value of the difference in net cash flows between the contractual payments under the debt instrument and the contractual payments that would be required without the guarantee, or the estimated amount that would be payable to a third party for assuming the obligations.
Borrowings are initially recognized at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred. Borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption amount is recognized in profit or loss over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method. Fees paid on the establishment of loan facilities are recognized as transaction costs of the loan to the extent that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down. In this case, the fee is deferred until the draw down occurs. To the extent there is no evidence that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down, the fee is capitalized as a prepayment for liquidity services and amortized over the period of the facility to which it relates.
Borrowings are removed from the balance sheet when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged, cancelled or expired. The difference between the carrying amount of a financial liability that has been extinguished or transferred to another party and the consideration paid, including any non-cash assets transferred or liabilities assumed, is recognized in profit or loss as other gains/(losses).
Borrowings are classified as current financial liabilities unless the group has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting period. Where there is a breach of a material provision of a long-term loan arrangement on or before the end of the reporting period with the effect that the liability becomes payable on demand on the reporting date, the entity does not classify the liability as current, if the lender agreed, after the reporting period and before the approval of the financial statements for issue, not to demand payment as a consequence of the breach.
14 Derivatives and hedging activities
The company enters into derivatives like forwards, currency swaps etc. to hedge its foreign currency risks. Derivatives are initially recognized at fair value on the date a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently marked to market at the end of each reporting period with profit/loss being recognized in statement of profit and loss. Derivative assets/ liabilities are classified under “other financial assets/ other financial liabilities”. Profits and losses arising from cancellation of contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.
15 Offsetting financial instruments
Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the balance sheet where there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. The legally enforceable right must not be contingent on future events and must be enforceable in the normal course of business and in the event of default, insolvency or bankruptcy of BEL or the counterparty.
16 Inventories :
Raw materials and stores, work in progress, traded and finished goods
Raw materials and stores, work in progress, traded and finished goods are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of raw materials and traded goods comprises cost of purchases. Cost of work-in-progress and finished goods comprises direct materials, direct labour and an appropriate proportion of variable and fixed overhead expenditure, the latter being allocated on the basis of normal operating capacity. Cost of inventories also include all other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Costs are assigned to individual items of inventory on the weighted average basis. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.
17 Foreign currency transactions :
Items included in the financial statements are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (‘the functional currency’). The financial statements are presented in Indian Rupee (''''), which is BEL’s functional and presentation currency.
a) On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded at foreign exchange rate on the date of transaction.
b) Monetary items of current assets and liabilities in foreign currency outstanding at the close of financial year are revalorized at the appropriate exchange rates prevailing at the close of the year.
c) The gain or loss on decrease/increase in reporting currency due to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates, in case of monetary current assets and liabilities in foreign currency, are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss
18 Income tax
The income tax expense or credit for the period is the tax payable on the current period’s taxable income based on the applicable income tax rate for the jurisdiction adjusted by changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences, to unused tax losses and unabsorbed depreciation.
Current and deferred tax is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss except to the extent it relates to items recognized directly in equity or other comprehensive income, in which case it is recognized in equity or other comprehensive income.
A. Current income tax
The current income tax charge is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the end of the reporting period in the countries where the company operates and generates taxable income. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions, wherever appropriate, on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.
Current tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and BEL intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.
B. Deferred tax
Deferred tax is provided using the liability method, on temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements. Deferred income tax is determined using tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax asset is realized or the deferred income tax liability is settled.
The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect changes in probability that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered.
Deferred tax assets are recognized for all deductible temporary differences and unused tax losses only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilize those temporary differences and losses.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and liabilities and when the deferred tax balances relate to the same taxation authority.
Current and deferred tax is recognized in profit or loss, except to the extent that it relates to items recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.
19 Operating leases
As a lessee
Leases in which significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss on a straight line basis over the period of the lease.
As a lessor
The Company has leased certain tangible assets and such leases where the Company has sustainably retained all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as operating leases. Lease income on such operating leases are recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss on a straight line basis over the lease term which is representative of the time pattern in which benefit derived from the use ofthe leased asset is diminished. Initial direct costs are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which are they are incurred.
20 Borrowing costs
General and specific borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized during the period of time that is required to complete and prepare the asset for its intended use or sale. Qualifying assets are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale. Borrowing costs also include exchange difference arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to interest costs. Investment income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalization. Other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they are incurred.
21 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets
A provision is recognized if
- the business has present legal or constructive obligation as a result of an event in the past;
- it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation; and
- the amount of the obligation has been reliably estimated.
Provisions are measured at the management’s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the obligation at the end of the reporting period. If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are discounted to reflect its present value using a current pre-tax discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the obligation. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as a finance cost.
B. Contingent liabilities
Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.
C. Contingent assets
A contingent asset is a possible asset that arises from past events and whose existence will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the entity.
A contingent asset is not recognized but disclosed where an inflow of economic benefit is probable.
22 Employee benefits
A. Short-term obligations
Liabilities for wages and salaries, including nonmonetary benefits that are expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized in respect of employees’ services up to the end of the reporting period and are measured at the amounts expected to be paid when the liabilities are settled. The liabilities are presented as current employee benefit obligations in the balance sheet.
B. Other long-term employee benefit obligations
The liabilities for earned leave and sick leave are not expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service. They are therefore measured as the present value of expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employees up to the end of the reporting period using the projected unit credit method. The benefits are discounted using the market yields at the end of the reporting period that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation. Remeasurements as a result of experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the statement of profit or loss.
The obligations are presented as current liabilities in the balance sheet if the entity does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement for at least twelve months after the reporting period, regardless of when the actual settlement is expected to occur.
C. Post-employment obligations
The company operates the following postemployment schemes
(a) defined benefit plans - gratuity and obligation towards shortfall of Provident Fund Trusts.
(b) defined contribution plans - Provident fund (RPFC Contributions), superannuation and pension.
Defined benefit plans :
Payment for present liability of future payment of gratuity is being made to approved gratuity fund, which fully covers the same under Cash Accumulation Policies of the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and Bajaj Allianz Life Insurance Company Ltd. (BALIC) a related party.
Provident fund contributions (after paying family pension scheme portion to Provident Fund Authority) are made to Company’s Provident Fund Trust. Deficits, if any, of the fund as compared to actuarial liability is to be additionally contributed by the Company and hence recognized as a liability.
The liability or asset recognized in the balance sheet in respect of defined benefit gratuity plans is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the end of the reporting period less the fair value of plan assets excluding non-qualifying asset (reimbursement right). The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method. The present value of the defined benefit obligation is determined by discounting the estimated future cash outflows by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on government bonds that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation. The net interest cost is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net balance of the defined benefit obligation and the fair value of plan assets. This cost is included in employee benefit expense in the statement of profit and loss. Remeasurement gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the period in which they occur, directly in other comprehensive income. They are included in retained earnings in the statement of changes in equity and in the balance sheet.
Insurance policy held by the company from insurers who are related parties are not qualifying insurance policies and hence the right to reimbursement is recognized as a separate assets under other noncurrent and/or current assets as the case may be.
Changes in the present value of the defined benefit obligation resulting from plan amendments or curtailments are recognized immediately in profit or loss as past service cost.
Defined contribution plans :
In respect of certain employees, BEL pays provident fund contributions to publicly administered provident funds as per local regulations. BEL has no further payment obligations once the contributions have been paid. Such contributions are accounted for as employee benefit expense when they are due. Defined contribution to superannuation fund is being made to Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) as per the scheme of the Company. Defined contribution to Employees Pension Scheme 1995 is made to Government Provident Fund Authority whereas the contributions for National Pension Scheme is made to Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited.
D. Employee stock option scheme
The Company operates a number of equity settled, employee share based compensation plans, under which the Company receives services from employees as consideration for equity shares of the Company. The Company has granted stock options to its employees under the Growth Plan as well as Loyalty Plan.
The fair value of the employee services received in exchange for the grant of the options is determined by reference to the fair value of the options as at the Grant Date and is recognized as an ‘employee benefits expense’ with a corresponding increase in equity. The total expense is recognized over the vesting period which is the period over which the applicable vesting condition is to be satisfied. The total amount to be expensed is determined by reference to the fair value of the options granted excluding the impact of any service vesting conditions.
At the end of each year, the entity revises its estimates of the number of options that are expected to vest based on the service vesting conditions. It recognizes the impact of the revision to original estimates, if any, in profit or loss, with a corresponding adjustment to equity.
If at any point of time after the vesting of the share options, the right to the same expires (either by virtue of lapse of the exercise period or the employee leaving the Company), the fair value of the options accruing in favour of the said employee are written back to the General Reserve in the reporting period in which the right expires.
23 Segment reporting
An operating segment is a component of BEL that engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses, whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the entity’s chief operating decision maker to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment and assess its performance and for which discrete financial information is available.
Operating segments often exhibit similar long-term financial performance if they have similar economic characteristics. Two or more operating segments are aggregated by BEL into a single operating segment if aggregation is consistent with the core principle of this Ind AS, the segments have similar economic characteristics, and the segments are similar in aspects as defined by Ind AS.
BEL report separately, information about an operating segment that meets any of quantitative thresholds as defined by Ind AS. Operating segments that do not meet any of the quantitative thresholds, are considered reportable and separately disclosed, only if management of BEL believes that information about the segment would be useful to users of the financial statements.
Information about other business activities and operating segments that are not reportable separately are combined and disclosed in an ‘all other segments’ category.
Provision is made for the amount of any final dividend declared, being appropriately authorised in Annual General Meeting and no longer at the discretion of the Company. Interim dividends are recorded as a liability on the date of declaration by the Company’s Board of Directors.
25 Earnings per share
Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company’s earnings per share is the net profit for the period. The weighted average number equity shares outstanding during the period and all periods presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit of loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of share outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.
26 All amounts disclosed in the financial statements and notes have been rounded off to the nearest lakhs as per the requirement of Schedule III, unless otherwise stated.